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Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability in the North Aquifer Area of Rhodes Island Using the GALDIT Method and GIS

1
Laboratory of Wastewater Management and Treatment Technologies, Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, Greece
2
Laboratory of Applied Geophysics, Department of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Engineering Geology Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(5), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments6050056
Received: 1 May 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment)
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Abstract

Salinization of coastal aquifer systems constitutes a major threat for groundwater. Especially areas with high population density due to increasing tourist activity may face severe problems. In this study, the GALDIT method was applied in the north side of Rhodes Island, Greece, in order to assess groundwater vulnerability to seawater intrusion. Hydrogeological data were elaborated in geographical information systems (GIS), and appropriate thematic maps were produced. The final vulnerability map was obtained from the combination of the thematic maps using overlying techniques. Based on the application of the GALDIT method, a zone up to 1000 m from the shore is characterized by medium to high vulnerability, while medium vulnerability characterizes the eastern part of the study area. Overexploitation of the aquifer, due to the intense touristic activity in Ialysos area, constitutes the main reason for groundwater salinization due to seawater intrusion in the study area. Consequently, planning of proper groundwater management and systematic monitoring of the groundwater reserves are of the utmost importance in order to solve existing problems and prevent future issues of salinization. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater vulnerability; groundwater salinization; GALDIT method; GIS environment; Rhodes Island groundwater vulnerability; groundwater salinization; GALDIT method; GIS environment; Rhodes Island
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Mavriou, Z.; Kazakis, N.; Pliakas, F.-K. Assessment of Groundwater Vulnerability in the North Aquifer Area of Rhodes Island Using the GALDIT Method and GIS. Environments 2019, 6, 56.

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