Next Article in Journal
Aeration to Improve Biogas Production by Recalcitrant Feedstock
Previous Article in Journal
Chemical Characterization of Two Seasonal PM2.5 Samples in Nanjing and Its Toxicological Properties in Three Human Cell Lines
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

The Role of Tourism Impacts on Cultural Ecosystem Services

1
Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, Pennsylvania State University, 701H Donald H. Ford Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
Psychological and Social Sciences, Pennsylvania State University–Abington, 1600 Woodland Rd., Abington, PA 19001, USA
3
Environment and Society, Institute of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, Utah State University, 5215 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322, USA
4
Nature-Based Recreation Management, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, 318 Richardson Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
5
Adventure Education Graduate Program, Prescott University, Prescott, AZ 86301, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(4), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments6040043
Received: 9 March 2019 / Revised: 31 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact of Nature-Based Tourism)
  |  
PDF [2747 KB, uploaded 18 April 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Parks and protected areas are recognized for the important ecosystem services, or benefits, they provide society. One emerging but understudied component is the cultural ecosystem services that parks and protected areas provide. These cultural ecosystem services include a variety of benefits, such as cultural heritage, spiritual value, recreation opportunities, and human health and well-being. However, many of these services can only be provided if people visit these parks and protected areas through tourism opportunities. However, with this tourism use comes a variety of inevitable resource impacts. This current research connects potential impacts from tourism in parks and protected areas to the health and well-being aspect of cultural ecosystem services. We used an MTurk sample to record affective responses across a range of resource conditions. Results demonstrate that as tourism-related ecological impacts increased, positive affect decreased. Decreases in positive affect were more severe for park and protected area scenes featuring informal and/or undesignated social trails when compared to scenes with increasing levels of trampling/vegetation loss. Collectively, the results show that managing tourism in parks and protected areas in a manner that reduces impact is essential to providing beneficial cultural ecosystem services related to human health and well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural ecosystem services; affect; Leave No Trace; impacts; health; well-being cultural ecosystem services; affect; Leave No Trace; impacts; health; well-being
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Taff, B.D.; Benfield, J.; Miller, Z.D.; D’Antonio, A.; Schwartz, F. The Role of Tourism Impacts on Cultural Ecosystem Services. Environments 2019, 6, 43.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Environments EISSN 2076-3298 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top