Next Article in Journal
A Statistical and Spatial Analysis of Portuguese Forest Fires in Summer 2016 Considering Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Chemical Characterization of Two Seasonal PM2.5 Samples in Nanjing and Its Toxicological Properties in Three Human Cell Lines
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Recreational Activities on an Unmanaged Alpine Campsite: The Case of Kuro-Dake Campsite, Daisetsuzan National Park, Japan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Research on Organic Carbon and Elemental Carbon Distribution Characteristics and Their Influence on Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) in Changchun City
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Occupational Fine/Ultrafine Particles and Noise Exposure in Aircraft Personnel Operating in Airport Taxiway

1
Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, 09042 Monserrato, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
3
Department of Mechanical, Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cagliari, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy
4
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division, NABLA Lab, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
5
Department of Biomedical, Odontoiatric, Morphological and Functional Images, Occupational Medicine Section, “Policlinico G. Martino” Hospital, University of Messina, I-98125 Messina, Italy
6
Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Section of Public Health and Human Sciences, University of Brescia, 25123 Brescia, Italy
7
Unit of Occupational Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, 34129 Trieste, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(3), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments6030035
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
  |  
PDF [2996 KB, uploaded 23 March 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The occupational exposure to airborne fine and ultrafine particles (UFPs) and noise in aircraft personnel employed in airport taxiway was investigated. Stationary samplings and multiple personal sampling sites and job tasks were considered. Size distribution, particle number concentrations, lung dose surface area were measured by personal particle counters and by means of an electric low pressure impactor (ELPI+TM). Morphological and chemical characterization of UFPs were performed by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the latter together with energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy based spatially resolved compositional mapping. A-weighted noise exposure level A-weighted noise exposure level normalized to an 8 h working day and Peak Sound C-weighted Pressure Level was calculated for single worker and for homogeneous exposure groups. Our study provides evidence on the impact of aviation-related emissions on occupational exposure to ultrafine particles and noise exposure of workers operating in an airport taxiway. Main exposure peaks are related to pre-flight operations of engine aircrafts. Although exposure to ultrafine particles and noise appears to not be critical if compared with other occupational scenarios, the coincidence in time of high peaks of exposure to ultrafine particles and noise suggest that further investigations are warranted in order to assess possible subclinical and clinical adverse health effects in exposed workers, especially for cardiovascular apparatus. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrafine particle exposure; noise exposure; airport environments ultrafine particle exposure; noise exposure; airport environments
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Marcias, G.; Casula, M.F.; Uras, M.; Falqui, A.; Miozzi, E.; Sogne, E.; Pili, S.; Pilia, I.; Fabbri, D.; Meloni, F.; Pau, M.; Sanna, A.M.; Fostinelli, J.; Massacci, G.; D’Aloja, E.; Filon, F.L.; Campagna, M.; Lecca, L.I. Occupational Fine/Ultrafine Particles and Noise Exposure in Aircraft Personnel Operating in Airport Taxiway. Environments 2019, 6, 35.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Environments EISSN 2076-3298 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top