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Occupational Fine/Ultrafine Particles and Noise Exposure in Aircraft Personnel Operating in Airport Taxiway

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, 09042 Monserrato, Italy
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
Department of Mechanical, Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cagliari, I-09123 Cagliari, Italy
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division, NABLA Lab, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Department of Biomedical, Odontoiatric, Morphological and Functional Images, Occupational Medicine Section, “Policlinico G. Martino” Hospital, University of Messina, I-98125 Messina, Italy
Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Section of Public Health and Human Sciences, University of Brescia, 25123 Brescia, Italy
Unit of Occupational Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, 34129 Trieste, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(3), 35;
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
The occupational exposure to airborne fine and ultrafine particles (UFPs) and noise in aircraft personnel employed in airport taxiway was investigated. Stationary samplings and multiple personal sampling sites and job tasks were considered. Size distribution, particle number concentrations, lung dose surface area were measured by personal particle counters and by means of an electric low pressure impactor (ELPI+TM). Morphological and chemical characterization of UFPs were performed by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the latter together with energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy based spatially resolved compositional mapping. A-weighted noise exposure level A-weighted noise exposure level normalized to an 8 h working day and Peak Sound C-weighted Pressure Level was calculated for single worker and for homogeneous exposure groups. Our study provides evidence on the impact of aviation-related emissions on occupational exposure to ultrafine particles and noise exposure of workers operating in an airport taxiway. Main exposure peaks are related to pre-flight operations of engine aircrafts. Although exposure to ultrafine particles and noise appears to not be critical if compared with other occupational scenarios, the coincidence in time of high peaks of exposure to ultrafine particles and noise suggest that further investigations are warranted in order to assess possible subclinical and clinical adverse health effects in exposed workers, especially for cardiovascular apparatus. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrafine particle exposure; noise exposure; airport environments ultrafine particle exposure; noise exposure; airport environments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marcias, G.; Casula, M.F.; Uras, M.; Falqui, A.; Miozzi, E.; Sogne, E.; Pili, S.; Pilia, I.; Fabbri, D.; Meloni, F.; Pau, M.; Sanna, A.M.; Fostinelli, J.; Massacci, G.; D’Aloja, E.; Filon, F.L.; Campagna, M.; Lecca, L.I. Occupational Fine/Ultrafine Particles and Noise Exposure in Aircraft Personnel Operating in Airport Taxiway. Environments 2019, 6, 35.

AMA Style

Marcias G, Casula MF, Uras M, Falqui A, Miozzi E, Sogne E, Pili S, Pilia I, Fabbri D, Meloni F, Pau M, Sanna AM, Fostinelli J, Massacci G, D’Aloja E, Filon FL, Campagna M, Lecca LI. Occupational Fine/Ultrafine Particles and Noise Exposure in Aircraft Personnel Operating in Airport Taxiway. Environments. 2019; 6(3):35.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marcias, Gabriele, Maria F. Casula, Michele Uras, Andrea Falqui, Edoardo Miozzi, Elisa Sogne, Sergio Pili, Ilaria Pilia, Daniele Fabbri, Federico Meloni, Marco Pau, Andrea M. Sanna, Jacopo Fostinelli, Giorgio Massacci, Ernesto D’Aloja, Francesca L. Filon, Marcello Campagna, and Luigi I. Lecca. 2019. "Occupational Fine/Ultrafine Particles and Noise Exposure in Aircraft Personnel Operating in Airport Taxiway" Environments 6, no. 3: 35.

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