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Environments 2018, 5(8), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5080087

The ‘Living Q’—An Interactive Method for Actor Engagement in Transnational Marine Spatial Planning

1
COAST—Centre for Environment and Sustainability Research, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, P.O. Box 2503, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
2
Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
3
Rijkswaterstaat, Zuiderwagenplein 2, 8224 AD, Lelystad, P.O. Box 2232, 3500 GE Utrecht, The Netherlands
4
Academy for Digital Entertainment, Breda University of Applied Sciences, Monseigneur Hopmansstraat 1, 4817 JT Breda, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2018 / Revised: 10 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
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Abstract

The interaction of stakeholders is regarded key in modern environmental and spatial planning. Marine/maritime spatial planning (MSP) is an emerging marine policy domain, which is of great interest worldwide. MSP practices are characterized by diverse approaches and a lack of transnational cooperation. Actors with various backgrounds have to identify mismatches and synergies to jointly aim towards coherent and coordinated practices. The ‘Living Q’ is a communication method to make actors aware systematically about their viewpoints in an interactive, communicative and playful environment, while it draws on results of a proceeding ‘Q Methodology’ study. Results from ‘Living Q’ exercises with international expert’s groups from European Sea basins show that the method is capable to foster communication and interaction among actors participating in ‘Living Q’ exercises, while having the potential to generate added value to planning processes by actor interaction in a collaborative setting. View Full-Text
Keywords: stakeholder engagement; Q Methodology; participatory approach; communication; interaction of actors; marine/maritime spatial planning stakeholder engagement; Q Methodology; participatory approach; communication; interaction of actors; marine/maritime spatial planning
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Ripken, M.; Keijser, X.; Klenke, T.; Mayer, I. The ‘Living Q’—An Interactive Method for Actor Engagement in Transnational Marine Spatial Planning. Environments 2018, 5, 87.

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