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Vitória Bay Pollution Study in the Frame of the TAGUBAR Research Project: Geochemistry of the Sediments of Espírito Santo Bay

1
Department of Environmental, Computer, and Statistics Sciences (DAIS), University of Venice, INCA-VEGAPARK via delle Industrie 21/8, I 30175 Marghera, Italy
2
Archives of Sustainability (ArcSos), University of Venice, Palazzo Moro Cannaregio 2978, I 30123 Venice, Italy
3
CNR-ISMAR, Sede di Venezia, Castello 1364/a, 30122 Venice, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2018, 5(12), 139; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5120139
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 18 December 2018
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Abstract

The Espírito SantoBay is located in Espírito Santo state in the eastern part of Brazil. It is surrounded by the city of Vitória on one side and by the Atlantic Ocean on the other. Superficial sediments of Espírito Santo Bay were analyzed at 12 (western shallow silt sediments) + 8 (eastern sandy sediments and relatively deep sampling stations) = 20 uniformly distributed sampling points, where geochemical analysis was performed. Nineteen elements were analyzed: Mo, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ag, Ni, Mn, Fe, As, U, Th, Sr, Cd, Sb, Bi, V, Cr, Ba, and Al. This selection was made based on the most representative heavy metals present in this area and according to the results obtained from the geochemical analysis. Their concentrations were compared with metal contamination benchmarks such asscreening quick reference tables (SQuiRTs), effects rangelow (ERL), effects range median (ERM), threshold effects levels (TELs), probable effects levels (PELs), and apparent effects thresholds (AETs). The results indicated that there was no particular pollution condition able to alter the condition of any part of this water body. The authors conclude that the Espírito Santo Bay is only moderately polluted, and some elements are virtually absent. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitória; Espírito Santo Bay; geochemical analysis Vitória; Espírito Santo Bay; geochemical analysis
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Giacometti, A.; Perin, G.; Bonardi, M. Vitória Bay Pollution Study in the Frame of the TAGUBAR Research Project: Geochemistry of the Sediments of Espírito Santo Bay. Environments 2018, 5, 139.

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