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Article

Combining Ecosystem Services with Cost-Benefit Analysis for Selection of Green and Grey Infrastructure for Flood Protection in a Cultural Setting

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UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water Education, Westvest 7, AX Delft 2611, The Netherlands
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College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
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Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, Beograd 11000, Serbia
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School of Engineering and Technology, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4 Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
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Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII), Khwaeng Thanon Phaya Thai, Khet Ratchathewi, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon 10400, Bangkok, Thailand
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Pudar Mitigation Consulting, Inc., P.O. Box 680725, Marietta, GA 30067, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yu-Pin Lin, Dirk S. Schmeller, Wei-Cheng Lo and Wan-Yu Lien
Environments 2017, 4(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments4010003
Received: 4 December 2016 / Revised: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 23 December 2016 / Published: 28 December 2016
The present paper describes a methodological framework that combines ecosystem services (flood protection, education, art/culture, recreation and tourism) with economic analysis for selection of multifunctional measures for flood resilience. The framework includes active stakeholder participation and it consists of the four main components: (1) identification and valuation of ecosystem services pertinent to the project site under various mitigation scenarios, including baseline (pre-mitigation conditions); (2) evaluation of most effective flood mitigation measures through hydrodynamic simulations, and evaluation of economic viability using cost-benefit analysis; (3) selection of measures through consideration of ecosystem services, and solicitation of stakeholders’ inputs; (4) development of the conceptual landscape design. Application of the framework was demonstrated in a case study of Ayutthaya Island, Thailand. Results of our research suggest that taking a holistic perspective of ecosystem services and economic assessments, marshalled through active stakeholder participation, has the potential to achieve more ecologically sustainable and socially acceptable solutions for flood protection in areas with cultural heritage. However, there is still a considerable challenge in taking this framework to a full-scale practical implementation, and this mainly relates to the selection of indicators that can enable proper application of ecosystem services. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; holistic framework; flood resilience; cost-benefit analysis; flood protection; selection of green and grey infrastructure ecosystem services; holistic framework; flood resilience; cost-benefit analysis; flood protection; selection of green and grey infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vojinovic, Z.; Keerakamolchai, W.; Weesakul, S.; Pudar, R.S.; Medina, N.; Alves, A. Combining Ecosystem Services with Cost-Benefit Analysis for Selection of Green and Grey Infrastructure for Flood Protection in a Cultural Setting. Environments 2017, 4, 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments4010003

AMA Style

Vojinovic Z, Keerakamolchai W, Weesakul S, Pudar RS, Medina N, Alves A. Combining Ecosystem Services with Cost-Benefit Analysis for Selection of Green and Grey Infrastructure for Flood Protection in a Cultural Setting. Environments. 2017; 4(1):3. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments4010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vojinovic, Zoran, Weeraya Keerakamolchai, Sutat Weesakul, Ranko S. Pudar, Neiler Medina, and Alida Alves. 2017. "Combining Ecosystem Services with Cost-Benefit Analysis for Selection of Green and Grey Infrastructure for Flood Protection in a Cultural Setting" Environments 4, no. 1: 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments4010003

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