Next Article in Journal
Understanding the Impact of Intensive Horticulture Land-Use Practices on Surface Water Quality in Central Kenya
Next Article in Special Issue
Quantifying the Driving Forces of Informal Urbanization in the Western Part of the Greater Cairo Metropolitan Region
Previous Article in Journal
Greenhouse Gas Assessment and Compensation on Brazilian Low Volume Rural Roads Using CarbonROAD—The Santa Rosa de Lima Case
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Environments 2015, 2(4), 500-520;

Protected Area Monitoring in the Niger Delta Using Multi-Temporal Remote Sensing

Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, UK
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, 420110, Nigeria
Centre for Landscape and Climate Research, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Teiji Watanabe and Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 12 July 2015 / Revised: 25 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 October 2015 / Published: 26 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Use Change in the Changing Environment)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2075 KB, uploaded 26 October 2015]   |  


Despite their importance, available information on the dynamics of forest protected areas and their management in the Niger delta are insufficient. We present results showing the distribution and structure of forest landscapes across protected areas in two states (Cross River and Delta) within the Niger Delta using multi-temporal remote sensing. Satellite images were classified and validated using ground data, existing maps, Google Earth, and historic aerial photographs over 1986, 2000 and 2014. The total area of forest landscape for 1986, 2000 and 2014 across the identified protected areas were 535,671 ha, 494,009 ha and 469,684 ha (Cross River) and 74,631 ha, 68,470 ha and 58,824 ha (Delta) respectively. The study showed annual deforestation rates for protected areas across both states from 1986 to 2000 were 0.8%. However, the overall annual deforestation rate between 2000 and 2014 was higher in Delta (1.9%) compared to Cross River (0.7%). This study shows accelerated levels of forest fragmentation across protected areas in both states as a side effect of the prevalence of agricultural practices and unsupervised urbanisation. The results show the need for government intervention and policy implementation, in addition to efforts by local communities and conservation organisations in protected area management across ecologically fragile areas of Nigeria. View Full-Text
Keywords: deforestation; protected areas; remote sensing; rate of change; forest fragmentation deforestation; protected areas; remote sensing; rate of change; forest fragmentation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Onojeghuo, A.O.; Onojeghuo, A.R. Protected Area Monitoring in the Niger Delta Using Multi-Temporal Remote Sensing. Environments 2015, 2, 500-520.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Environments EISSN 2076-3298 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top