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Creative Arts Interventions for Stress Management and Prevention—A Systematic Review

1
Research Institute for Creative Arts Therapies (RIArT), Alanus University of Arts and Social Sciences, Alfter/Bonn, Villestr. 3, 53347 Alfter, Germany
2
Department for Therapy Sciences, SRH University Heidelberg, Maria-Probst-Str. 3, 69123 Heidelberg, Germany
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Robert-Bosch-Klinik, Auerbachstr. 110, 70376 Stuttgart, Germany
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Schoen-Klinik, Hofgarten 10, 34454 Bad Arolsen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs8020028
Received: 7 December 2017 / Revised: 11 February 2018 / Accepted: 13 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Embodied Aesthetics and Interpersonal Resonance)
Stress is one of the world’s largest health problems, leading to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, a weak immune system, or even organ damage. In Germany, stress-induced work absenteeism costs about 20 billion Euros per year. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Central Federal Association of the public Health Insurance Funds in Germany ascribes particular importance to stress prevention and stress management as well as health enhancing measures. Building on current integrative and embodied stress theories, Creative Arts Therapies (CATs) or arts interventions are an innovative way to prevent stress and improve stress management. CATs encompass art, music, dance/movement, and drama therapy as their four major modalities. In order to obtain an overview of CATs and arts interventions’ efficacy in the context of stress reduction and management, we conducted a systematic review with a search in the following data bases: Academic Search Complete, ERIC, Medline, Psyndex, PsycINFO and SocINDEX. Studies were included employing the PICOS principle and rated according to their evidence level. We included 37 studies, 73% of which were randomized controlled trials. 81.1% of the included studies reported a significant reduction of stress in the participants due to interventions of one of the four arts modalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: creative arts therapies; arts interventions; art; music; dance; drama; stress management; prevention; systematic review creative arts therapies; arts interventions; art; music; dance; drama; stress management; prevention; systematic review
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Martin, L.; Oepen, R.; Bauer, K.; Nottensteiner, A.; Mergheim, K.; Gruber, H.; Koch, S.C. Creative Arts Interventions for Stress Management and Prevention—A Systematic Review. Behav. Sci. 2018, 8, 28.

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