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Hidden Realities of Infant Feeding: Systematic Review of Qualitative Findings from Parents

1
Nestlé Nutrition, Avenue Nestle, 55 CH-1800 Vevey, Switzerland
2
Children’s Institute University of São Paulo, Rua Tremembé, São Paulo-SP 01256-010, Brazil
3
School of Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee DD5 1JG, UK
4
School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Xueyuan Road No. 38., Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(5), 83; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10050083
Received: 25 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
A growing, global conversation, regarding realities and challenges that parents experience today is ever-present. To understand recent parent’s attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions regarding infant feeding, we sought to systematically identify and synthesize original qualitative research findings. Following the Enhancing Transparency in Reporting the Synthesis of Qualitative Research (ENTREQ) framework, electronic databases were searched with a priori terms applied to title/abstract fields and limited to studies published in English from 2015 to 2019, inclusive. Study quality assessment was conducted using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklist, and thematic analyses performed. Of 73 studies meeting inclusion criteria, four major themes emerged. (1) Breastfeeding is best for an infant; (2) Distinct attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of mothers that breastfeed, and those that could not or chose not to breastfeed, are evident; (3) Infant feeding behaviors are influenced by the socio-cultural environment of the family, and (4) Parent’s expectations of education and support addressing personal infant feeding choices from health care providers are not always met. This systematic review, guided by constructs within behavioral models and theories, provides updated findings to help inform the development of nutrition education curricula and public policy programs. Results can be applied within scale-up nutrition and behavioral education interventions that support parents during infant feeding. View Full-Text
Keywords: infant feeding; parents; behavior; qualitative methods; nutrition education; systematic review infant feeding; parents; behavior; qualitative methods; nutrition education; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dattilo, A.M.; Carvalho, R.S.; Feferbaum, R.; Forsyth, S.; Zhao, A. Hidden Realities of Infant Feeding: Systematic Review of Qualitative Findings from Parents. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 83.

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