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Article

Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study

1
School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AH, UK
2
Stuijfzand Data Consulting, 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(12), 194; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10120194
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
(1) Background: There is evidence of an attention bias–anxiety relationship in children, but lack of appropriate methods has limited the number of studies with children younger than eight years old. This study used eye tracking as a measure of overt attention in young children. The aim of this study was to assess anxiety-related attention bias in children aged four to eight years. Age was considered a moderator, and the influence of effortful control was investigated. (2) Method: A community sample of 104 children was shown pairs of happy–neutral and angry–neutral faces. Growth curve analyses were used to examine patterns of gaze over time. (3) Results: Analyses revealed moderation by age and anxiety, with distinct patterns of anxiety-related biases seen in different age groups in the angry–neutral face trials. Effortful control did not account for age-related effects. (4) Conclusions: The results support a moderation model of the development of anxiety in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; child; attention bias; eye tracking; gaze; development anxiety; child; attention bias; eye tracking; gaze; development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stuijfzand, S.; Stuijfzand, B.; Reynolds, S.; Dodd, H. Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 194. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10120194

AMA Style

Stuijfzand S, Stuijfzand B, Reynolds S, Dodd H. Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study. Behavioral Sciences. 2020; 10(12):194. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10120194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stuijfzand, Suzannah, Bobby Stuijfzand, Shirley Reynolds, and Helen Dodd. 2020. "Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study" Behavioral Sciences 10, no. 12: 194. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10120194

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