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The Effect of Eating Habits’ Quality on Scholastic Performance in Turkish Adolescents

1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
2
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul Yeni Yuzyil University, 34010 Istanbul, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10010031
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 6 January 2020 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 10 January 2020
Evidence associates scholastic performance to quality of eating habits. However, there is limited information on this topic in Turkey, an emerging economy with notable disparities. Our work aimed to evaluate the effect of eating habits quality of high-school students in Turkey, on the Scholastic Aptitude Standardized Examination (TEOG) scores. The study was conducted in 29 different cities in Turkey during the academic year 2016–2017, involving students of ages 14–17 years (up to senior-high school). A dietary habits survey developed and validated for this population was distributed over the internet in February 2017. Apart from students’ TEOG scores, Family Affluence Score (FAS) was used to categorize the students into low, medium, and high financial standing. Eating Habits Score (EHS) was calculated by using a validated scoring system. A working sample of 298 participants was used. Based on our results, we observed that there is a significant positive correlation between EHS, FAS and success rate of students as assessed by TEOG scores. Further research on this subject should be conducted in combination with intervention studies to reveal potential strategies and policies that would enhance positive behavior change as it relates to nutritional habits, aiming at improved scholastic performance and overall health throughout lifespan. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent students; eating habits; healthy eating; scholastic success; Turkey adolescent students; eating habits; healthy eating; scholastic success; Turkey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kristo, A.S.; Gültekin, B.; Öztağ, M.; Sikalidis, A.K. The Effect of Eating Habits’ Quality on Scholastic Performance in Turkish Adolescents. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 31.

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