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Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Neonatal Intensive Care Units

1
A.I.O.T-Traditional Osteopathy Italian Academy, 65125 Pescara, Italy
2
CORESEARCH-Center for Outcomes Research and Clinical Epidemiology, 65124 Pescara, Italy
3
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Santo Spirito Hospital, 65126 Pescara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2020, 8(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci8020024
Received: 14 May 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on newborn babies admitted at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This was an observational, longitudinal, retrospective study. All consecutive admitted babies were analyzed by treatment (OMT vs. usual care). Treatment group was randomly assigned. Between-group differences in weekly weight change and length of stay (LOS) were evaluated in the overall and preterm populations. Among 1249 babies (48.9% preterm) recorded, 652 received usual care and 597 received OMT. Weight increase was more marked in the OMT group than in the control group (weekly change: +83 g vs. +35 g; p < 0.001). Similar trends were found in the subgroup of preterm babies. A shorter LOS was found in the OMT group vs. the usual care group both in overall population (average mean difference: −7.9 days, p = 0.15) and in preterm babies (−12.3 days; p = 0.04). In severe preterm babies, mean LOS was more than halved as compared to the control group. OMT was associated with a more marked weekly weight increase and, especially in preterm babies, to a relevant LOS reduction: OMT may represent an efficient support to usual care in newborn babies admitted at a NICU. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteopathy; neonatology; weight change; length of stay; newborn usual care osteopathy; neonatology; weight change; length of stay; newborn usual care
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cicchitti, L.; Di Lelio, A.; Barlafante, G.; Cozzolino, V.; Di Valerio, S.; Fusilli, P.; Lucisano, G.; Renzetti, C.; Verzella, M.; Rossi, M.C. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Med. Sci. 2020, 8, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci8020024

AMA Style

Cicchitti L, Di Lelio A, Barlafante G, Cozzolino V, Di Valerio S, Fusilli P, Lucisano G, Renzetti C, Verzella M, Rossi MC. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Medical Sciences. 2020; 8(2):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci8020024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cicchitti, Luca; Di Lelio, Alessandra; Barlafante, Gina; Cozzolino, Vincenzo; Di Valerio, Susanna; Fusilli, Paola; Lucisano, Giuseppe; Renzetti, Cinzia; Verzella, Marco; Rossi, Maria C. 2020. "Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Neonatal Intensive Care Units" Med. Sci. 8, no. 2: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci8020024

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