Next Article in Journal
Neuroimaging of Traumatic Brain Injury
Previous Article in Journal
Asymptomatic Bacteriuria and Anti-Microbial Susceptibility Patterns among Women of Reproductive Age. A Cross-Sectional Study in Primary Care, Ghana
Open AccessArticle

Correlation Between Soluble Endothelial Adhesion Molecules and Nitric Oxide Metabolites in Sickle Cell Disease

1
Department of Physiology, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra +233, Ghana
2
Department of Anatomy, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra +233, Ghana
3
Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra +233, Ghana
4
Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra +233, Ghana
5
Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Greenhills School of Health Sciences, Accra +233, Ghana
6
Department of Anaesthesia, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Ghana, Accra +233, Ghana
7
Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders Children’s National Medical Center George, Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20052, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2019, 7(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci7010001
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 4 December 2018 / Accepted: 13 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
Nitric Oxide (NO) and soluble adhesion molecules are promising biomarkers, which predict endothelial dysfunction in sickle cell disease (SCD). Several studies have investigated the relationship between NO (as well as its metabolites) and endothelial adhesion molecules in SCD. However, these studies were done mainly in the developed world, and it is difficult to extrapolate the findings to SCD populations in other geographical regions such as Africa due to significant disparities in the results. The aim of the current study was to determine the correlation between levels of nitric oxide metabolites (NOx) and adhesion molecules in SCD patients in a tertiary hospital in Ghana. A case control cross-sectional study involving 100 SCD (made up of HbSS and HbSC patients) and 60 healthy controls was conducted. Concentrations of NOx and soluble endothelial adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin) were measured in all the study participants (n = 160) by the Griess reagent system and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Correlation analysis was performed to determine a possible link between the variables. Levels of soluble adhesion molecules were higher in the HbSS patients. Correlation of NOx with ICAM-1 almost approached significance (r = 0.565, p = 0.058) in the HbSS patients. There were no correlations between NOx and E-selectin in both HbSS and HbSC patients. There were no significant correlations between NOx and VCAM-1 in all the study participants (p > 0.05). Of the soluble adhesion molecules, ICAM-1 showed a significant positive correlation with VCAM-1 in the HbSC patients. There were no significant differences between the adhesion molecules and the age of participants in the various study groups. Whether or not a significant correlation exists between NOx and soluble adhesion molecules may not depend on the sickle cell genotype. The expression of adhesion molecules may not depend on age. View Full-Text
Keywords: sickle cell disease; soluble adhesion molecules; nitric oxide metabolites; ELISA sickle cell disease; soluble adhesion molecules; nitric oxide metabolites; ELISA
MDPI and ACS Style

Antwi-Boasiako, C.; Ahenkorah, J.; Donkor, E.S.; Dzudzor, B.; Dankwah, G.B.; Otu, K.H.; Aryee, R.; Hayfron-Benjamin, C.; Campbell, A.D. Correlation Between Soluble Endothelial Adhesion Molecules and Nitric Oxide Metabolites in Sickle Cell Disease. Med. Sci. 2019, 7, 1.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop