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Origin of the Vanadiferous Serpentine–Magnetite Rocks of the Mt. Sorcerer Area, Lac Doré Layered Intrusion, Chibougamau, Québec

Centre D’études sur les Ressources Minérales (CERM), Département des Sciences Appliquées, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), 555 blvd. de l’université, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada
Geosciences 2019, 9(3), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9030110
Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Geochemistry)
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Abstract

Magmatic processes dominate Fe–Ti–V mineralization and revealing these processes is essential for providing a scientific foundation for exploration models. This study focuses on the metamorphosed Neoarchean (ca. 2728 Ma) tholeiitic layered Lac Doré Complex (LDC) that is currently being explored for V. Contamination may play an important role in the evolution of the Fe–Ti–V-enriched layered zone (magnetitite, anorthosite, and gabbro mostly, and ultramafic rocks locally) of the LDC. This hypothesis is tested by performing a detailed chemical and petrological investigation of serpentine-magnetite-dominated rocks located in the Mt. Sorcerer area. The studied rocks have evolved (apatite-bearing, Fe-rich, Cr-Ni-Ti-poor) and primitive (Mg-rich, Si-poor) characteristics. Pre-metamorphism rocks contained olivine Fo82–90 (now serpentine) and magnetite. These rocks formed from a Si-depleted magma under high fO2 conditions (+1.8 to +3.0 relative to the fayalite-magnetite-quartz buffer; FMQ). The V-content of the magnetite varies due to reversals related to multiple injections of an evolved basaltic magma in the upper part of the LDC. The magma interacted with Fe-Mg-rich and Si-Ca-poor carbonate-facies iron formation and crystallized in the presence of oxidizing CO2-bearing fluids. Compositional layering is poorly defined due to a fast cooling rate. Consequently, the distribution of V is relatively homogeneous in the Fe–Mg-rich units of the Mt. Sorcerer area. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lac Doré Complex (LDC); layered intrusion; magnetite; olivine; V mineralization; vanadiferous titanomagnetite Lac Doré Complex (LDC); layered intrusion; magnetite; olivine; V mineralization; vanadiferous titanomagnetite
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Mathieu, L. Origin of the Vanadiferous Serpentine–Magnetite Rocks of the Mt. Sorcerer Area, Lac Doré Layered Intrusion, Chibougamau, Québec. Geosciences 2019, 9, 110.

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