How Can Climate Change Affect the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites in Panama?
AbstractThis work investigates the impact of long-term climate change on heritage sites in Latin America, focusing on two important sites in the Panamanian isthmus included in the World Heritage List: the monumental site of Panamá Viejo (16th century) and the Fortresses of Portobelo and San Lorenzo (17th to 18th centuries). First of all, in order to support the conservation and valorisation of these sites, a characterisation of the main construction materials utilized in the building masonries was performed together with an analysis of the meteoclimatic conditions in their vicinity as provided by monitoring stations recording near-surface air temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall amounts. Secondly, the same climate variables were analysed in the historical and future simulations of a state-of-the-art global climate model, EC-Earth, run at high horizontal resolution, and then used with damage functions to make projections of deterioration phenomena on the Panamanian heritage sites. In particular, we performed an evaluation of the possible surface recession, biomass accumulation, and deterioration due to salt crystallisation cycles on these sites in the future (by midcentury, 2039–2068) compared to the recent past (1979–2008), considering a future scenario of high greenhouse gas emissions. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ciantelli, C.; Palazzi, E.; Von Hardenberg, J.; Vaccaro, C.; Tittarelli, F.; Bonazza, A. How Can Climate Change Affect the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites in Panama? Geosciences 2018, 8, 296.
Ciantelli C, Palazzi E, Von Hardenberg J, Vaccaro C, Tittarelli F, Bonazza A. How Can Climate Change Affect the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites in Panama? Geosciences. 2018; 8(8):296.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ciantelli, Chiara; Palazzi, Elisa; Von Hardenberg, Jost; Vaccaro, Carmela; Tittarelli, Francesca; Bonazza, Alessandra. 2018. "How Can Climate Change Affect the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites in Panama?" Geosciences 8, no. 8: 296.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.