Next Article in Journal
A Risk-Based Approach to Shelter Resilience following Flood and Typhoon Damage in Rural Philippines
Next Article in Special Issue
The Application of Seismic Attributes and Wheeler Transformations for the Geomorphological Interpretation of Stratigraphic Surfaces: A Case Study of the F3 Block, Dutch Offshore Sector, North Sea
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Diffraction Enhancement Through Pre-Image Processing: Applications to Field Data, Sarawak Basin, East Malaysia
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2018, 8(2), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8020075

Integrated Study of Lithofacies Identification—A Case Study in X Field, Sabah, Malaysia

Department of Geosciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2017 / Revised: 13 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 20 February 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [4622 KB, uploaded 21 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Understanding subsurface geology is essential for oil and gas exploration. Seismic facies interpretation is very useful in investigating this concept. The interpretation of the depositional setting of the X Field is achieved by integrating the seismic facies characteristics on 3D seismic data and well log data. Both the seismic and well log data are widely used in hydrocarbon exploration to map the subsurface, as they complement each other. Well logs yield the vertical resolution of the subsurface geology at the drilled well, whereas seismic data reveal the lateral continuity. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the integration of 3D seismic data and well log data for lithofacies identification. Interpretation and analysis of lithofacies is carried out through the integration of the characteristics of seismic reflections with well information (logs). Horizons are interpreted based on the variation in seismic reflections on the seismic section, which is caused by the change in geology within seismic sequences. Well logs give detailed information at the points where the wells were drilled. Interpolating between these points and extrapolating away from the points into undrilled areas can be helpful in providing a better geological knowledge of an area. The result of this integrated study depicts the lithofacies in the area. This integrated study will provide a better insight with higher degree of reliability to the facies distribution and depositional setting of the X Field. The geological and geophysical aspects of the field will be documented. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismic; well logs; lithofacies; facies models seismic; well logs; lithofacies; facies models
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ngui, J.Q.; Hermana, M.; Ghosh, D.; Wan Yusof, W.I. Integrated Study of Lithofacies Identification—A Case Study in X Field, Sabah, Malaysia. Geosciences 2018, 8, 75.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top