Behaviour of Metals during Bioheap Leaching at the Talvivaara Mine, Finland
AbstractAbstract: The behaviour of base metals Ni, Zn, Cu, Co, Fe, and Mn, potentially toxic metals Pb, Cr, and Cd, and the radioactive elements, U and Th, in the Talvivaara mining process, Finland has been studied by tracing metal concentrations from the black schist ore, through ores subjected to bioheap leaching of varying duration, to pregnant leach solution (PLS), and solid process waste material deposited on site in gypsum waste ponds. It is apparent that Zn, Cu, Co, and Cd are leached from the ore in a similar manner and recovered efficiently in the PLS; however, Ni, though leached, was also found in the gypsum pond at relatively high concentrations. Relatively little Pb is released from the ore, but the small fraction that is mobilised accumulates in the gypsum pond. Of the radioactive constituents, Th is essentially immobile, whereas U is readily leached from the ore, again accumulating in gypsum pond waste. In addition, a laboratory-based sequential leach test was applied to assess the future leaching potential of metals from residual ore and process waste material under different environmental conditions. View Full-Text
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Tuovinen, H.; Pelkonen, M.; Lempinen, J.; Pohjolainen, E.; Read, D.; Solatie, D.; Lehto, J. Behaviour of Metals during Bioheap Leaching at the Talvivaara Mine, Finland. Geosciences 2018, 8, 66.
Tuovinen H, Pelkonen M, Lempinen J, Pohjolainen E, Read D, Solatie D, Lehto J. Behaviour of Metals during Bioheap Leaching at the Talvivaara Mine, Finland. Geosciences. 2018; 8(2):66.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tuovinen, Hanna; Pelkonen, Mila; Lempinen, Janne; Pohjolainen, Esa; Read, David; Solatie, Dina; Lehto, Jukka. 2018. "Behaviour of Metals during Bioheap Leaching at the Talvivaara Mine, Finland." Geosciences 8, no. 2: 66.
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