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Article

A New Geospatial Model Integrating a Fuzzy Rule-Based System in a GIS Platform to Partition a Complex Urban System in Homogeneous Urban Contexts

1
Dipartimento di Architettura, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Toledo 402, 80134 Napoli, Italy
2
Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca A. Calza Bini, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Toledo 402, 80134 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(12), 440; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120440
Received: 2 October 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
Here, we present a new unsupervised method aimed at obtaining a partition of a complex urban system in homogenous urban areas, called urban contexts. Our model integrates spatial analysis processes and a fuzzy rule-based system applied to manage the knowledge of domain experts; it is implemented using a GIS platform. The area of study is initially partitioned in microzones, homogeneous portions of the urban system, which are the atomic reference elements for the census data. With the contribution of domain experts, we identify the physical, morphological, environmental, and socio-economic indicators needed to identify synthetic characteristics of urban contexts and create the fuzzy rule set necessary for determining the type of urban context. We implement the set of spatial analysis processes required to calculate the indicators for the microzones and apply a Mamdani fuzzy rule system to classify the microzones. Finally, the partition of the area of study in urban contexts is obtained by dissolving continuous microzones belonging to the same type of urban context. Tests are performed on the Municipality of Pozzuoli (Naples, Italy); the reliability of the out model is measured by comparing the results with the ones obtained through a detailed analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban system; urban context; microzone; fuzzy rule set; fuzzy system; GIS; spatial analysis; spatial database urban system; urban context; microzone; fuzzy rule set; fuzzy system; GIS; spatial analysis; spatial database
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cardone, B.; Di Martino, F. A New Geospatial Model Integrating a Fuzzy Rule-Based System in a GIS Platform to Partition a Complex Urban System in Homogeneous Urban Contexts. Geosciences 2018, 8, 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120440

AMA Style

Cardone B, Di Martino F. A New Geospatial Model Integrating a Fuzzy Rule-Based System in a GIS Platform to Partition a Complex Urban System in Homogeneous Urban Contexts. Geosciences. 2018; 8(12):440. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cardone, Barbara, and Ferdinando Di Martino. 2018. "A New Geospatial Model Integrating a Fuzzy Rule-Based System in a GIS Platform to Partition a Complex Urban System in Homogeneous Urban Contexts" Geosciences 8, no. 12: 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120440

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