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Geosciences 2018, 8(10), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8100357

Using a Multi-Proxy Approach to Detect and Date a Buried part of the Hellenistic City Wall of Ainos (NW Turkey)

1
Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, Altenhöferallee 1, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany
2
Institute of Geography, University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, 50923 Köln, Germany
3
Institute of Earth Sciences, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Burgweg 11, 07749 Jena, Germany
4
Institute of Geosciences, Department of Geophysics, Kiel University, Otto-Hahn-Platz 1, 24118 Kiel, Germany
5
Edebiyat Fakültesi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Beyazıt, 34452 Fatih/Istanbul, Turkey
6
Department for Historical Building Research and Preservation, TU Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 152, 10623 Berlin, Germany
7
Museum of Ancient Seafaring, Neutorstraße 2b, 55116 Mainz, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2018 / Revised: 1 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 20 September 2018
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Abstract

Throughout mankind’s history, the need to secure and protect the home settlement was an essential one. This holds especially true for the city of Ainos (modern Enez) in Turkish Thrace. Due to its continuous settlement history since the 7th/6th century BC, several different types of city walls were built—sometimes even on top of each other—several of which have been preserved over time. To decipher the construction style, the course and the age of a buried city wall segment in the southern part of the former city, a geoscientific multi-proxy approach including magnetic gradiometer (MG) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) measurements in combination with granulometrical, sedimentological and microfaunistical investigations on sediment cores was applied. We were able to (1) present reasonable arguments for its Hellenistic age; (2) reveal the course of this wall segment and extrapolate it further north into a less studied area; and (3) demonstrate that in this near-coastal area, the former swampy terrain had been consolidated for constructing the wall. Our multi-proxy approach serves as a valuable example for investigating buried structures in archaeological contexts, avoiding a less-economical, time-consuming, or even forbidden excavation. View Full-Text
Keywords: foraminifera; micropalaeontology; coastal geomorphology; geophysical prospections; magnetic gradiometry; electrical resistivity tomography; aegean foraminifera; micropalaeontology; coastal geomorphology; geophysical prospections; magnetic gradiometry; electrical resistivity tomography; aegean
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Seeliger, M.; Pint, A.; Frenzel, P.; Weisenseel, P.K.; Erkul, E.; Wilken, D.; Wunderlich, T.; Başaran, S.; Bücherl, H.; Herbrecht, M.; Rabbel, W.; Schmidts, T.; Szemkus, N.; Brückner, H. Using a Multi-Proxy Approach to Detect and Date a Buried part of the Hellenistic City Wall of Ainos (NW Turkey). Geosciences 2018, 8, 357.

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