Next Article in Journal
Hydrophobization by Means of Nanotechnology on Greek Sandstones Used as Building Facades
Next Article in Special Issue
Evolution of Endemic Species, Ecological Interactions and Geographical Changes in an Insular Environment: A Case Study of Quaternary Mammals of Sicily (Italy, EU)
Previous Article in Journal
Hellenic Natural Zeolite as a Replacement of Sand in Mortar: Mineralogy Monitoring and Evaluation of Its Influence on Mechanical Properties
Previous Article in Special Issue
Oxygen-Dependent Morphogenesis of Modern Clumped Photosynthetic Mats and Implications for the Archean Stromatolite Record
Open AccessArticle

Nacre in Molluscs from the Ordovician of the Midwestern United States

1
Department of Biological Science (MH-282), California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
2
Department of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida Fuentenueva s/n, Granada 18071, Spain
3
Dry Dredgers, 1621 Westwood Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45214, USA
4
Midwest Institute of Geosciences and Engineering, 2328 West Touhy Avenue, Chicago, IL 60645, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2013, 3(1), 1-29; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences3010001
Received: 13 November 2012 / Revised: 24 December 2012 / Accepted: 31 December 2012 / Published: 8 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Paleontology and Geo/Biological Evolution)
Nacre was previously thought to be primitive in the Mollusca, but no convincing Cambrian examples are known. This aragonitic microstructure with crystal tablets that grow within an organic framework is thought to be the strongest, most fracture-resistant type of shell microstructure. Fossils described herein from the Ordovician of Iowa, Indiana, and Ohio provide supporting evidence for the hypothesis that sometime between the middle Cambrian and late Ordovician, nacre originated in cephalopod, bivalve, and possibly gastropod lineages. The correlation of independent origins of fracture-resistant nacre with increasing shell-crushing abilities of predators during the Cambrian-Ordovician suggests an early pulse in the evolutionary arms race between predators and molluscan prey. View Full-Text
Keywords: nacre; Ordovician; Isorthoceras; cephalopod; shell microstructure; Maquoketa; Arnheim; Cyclora; Ohio; Iowa nacre; Ordovician; Isorthoceras; cephalopod; shell microstructure; Maquoketa; Arnheim; Cyclora; Ohio; Iowa
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vendrasco, M.J.; Checa, A.; Heimbrock, W.P.; Baumann, S.D. Nacre in Molluscs from the Ordovician of the Midwestern United States. Geosciences 2013, 3, 1-29.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop