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Open AccessArticle

Ground Surface Deformation Detection in Complex Landslide Area—Bobonaro, Timor-Leste—Using SBAS DInSAR, UAV Photogrammetry, and Field Observations

1
Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1, Tokiwadai, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8611, Japan
2
Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Faculdade de Engenharia Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nacional Timor Lorosa’e, Av. Cidade de Lisboa, Dili 0601-02, Timor-Leste
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2020, 10(6), 245; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10060245
Received: 28 April 2020 / Revised: 11 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Scientific Assessment of Recent Natural Hazard Events)
During the past 10 years, Timor-Leste has concentrated all its efforts on infrastructure development. However, it has not achieved enough due to unexpected ground deformation in mountainous areas that is seriously affecting road constructions, etc. In order to design roads and other infrastructure under such difficult conditions, it is important to know the present and future ground conditions. Continuous monitoring is a significant methods of detecting ground deformation and providing essential information to realize an effective design. The problem arises of “How can ground deformation be monitored in extensive areas, which are generally located in mountain areas that are difficult to access?” Differential Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR) has recently been applied to monitor displacement in extensive areas. In addition, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry is useful for detecting the deformation in detail. Both methods are advantageous in that they do not require any sensors. Therefore, the combination of DInSAR and UAV photogrammetry is one of the solutions for monitoring the ground deformation in Timor-Leste. In this paper, DInSAR and UAV photogrammetry are applied to unstable ground in the Bobonaro region of Timor-Leste to find the recent ground deformation, since 2007, due to earthquakes and hard rainfall events. It is found that DInSAR is useful for screening usual and unusual ground behavior and that UAV photogrammetry is flexible to use and can detect displacements with cm accuracy after the DInSAR screening. View Full-Text
Keywords: Timor-Leste; ground surface deformation; DInSAR; UAV photogrammetry Timor-Leste; ground surface deformation; DInSAR; UAV photogrammetry
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Martins, B.H.; Suzuki, M.; Yastika, P.E.; Shimizu, N. Ground Surface Deformation Detection in Complex Landslide Area—Bobonaro, Timor-Leste—Using SBAS DInSAR, UAV Photogrammetry, and Field Observations. Geosciences 2020, 10, 245.

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