Next Article in Journal
Preliminary Study: Depriving Piglets of Maternal Feces for the First Seven Days Post-Partum Changes Piglet Physiology and Performance before and after Weaning
Previous Article in Journal
L-Tryptophan Enhances Intestinal Integrity in Diquat-Challenged Piglets Associated with Improvement of Redox Status and Mitochondrial Function
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Market-Based Governance in Farm Animal Welfare—A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private Policies in Germany and France

1
Institute for Political Science, University of Heidelberg, Bergheimer Straße 58, D-69115 Heidelberg, Germany
2
Comparative Politics and Public Policy, University of Braunschweig, Bienroder Weg 97, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany
Animals 2019, 9(5), 267; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9050267
Received: 22 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 22 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animals in Public Policy, Politics and Society)
  |  
PDF [303 KB, uploaded 28 May 2019]
  |  

Simple Summary

Farm animal welfare policies are in transition: whereas agricultural policy is traditionally characterised by strong state steering, market actors are getting involved in this field. This study aims to improve understanding of these dynamics in the field of farm animal welfare. By conducting a comparative case study of public and private farm animal welfare policies in Germany and France, the findings illustrate how retailers are assuming a leading role in the field. By introducing animal welfare labels and purchasing guidelines, retailers react to rising societal concerns for the welfare of farmed animals. Governmental actors, conversely, are exercising restraint and engage in voluntary rather than regulatory policies. Contrary to the traditionally strong role of the state in agricultural policy, the contribution indicates a shift towards market-based governance in the field of farm animal welfare.

Abstract

The intensification of livestock production and the focus on economic gains of agricultural policy have resulted in animal welfare related challenges. In many countries the societal concern for the welfare of farmed animals is increasing. Whereas policymakers on the European Union’s level and in EU member states have passed specific farm animal protection laws, the existing policies do not always guarantee the welfare of farmed animals. At the same time, the engagement of market actors in the field is increasing. This article explores the development of public and private policies in two countries with very different levels of regulation. By conducting a comparative analysis of public and private policies in Germany and France, the findings illustrate that, although they have different starting points, retailers in both countries are getting increasingly involved in farm animal welfare. In addition, there is evidence that governmental policies are shifting from regulatory to voluntary approaches in cooperation with the private sector. Given that in both countries these dynamics are a very recent development, it remains to be seen whether governmental actors will (re-)assume the lead in the field, whether they will engage in cooperation with private actors, or whether they will leave the task of agricultural restructuring to the market. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural policy; farm animal welfare; market-based governance; governance of common goods; food labelling; animal welfare labels; policy change agricultural policy; farm animal welfare; market-based governance; governance of common goods; food labelling; animal welfare labels; policy change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Vogeler, C.S. Market-Based Governance in Farm Animal Welfare—A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private Policies in Germany and France. Animals 2019, 9, 267.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top