Market-Based Governance in Farm Animal Welfare—A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private Policies in Germany and France
Simple SummaryFarm animal welfare policies are in transition: whereas agricultural policy is traditionally characterised by strong state steering, market actors are getting involved in this field. This study aims to improve understanding of these dynamics in the field of farm animal welfare. By conducting a comparative case study of public and private farm animal welfare policies in Germany and France, the findings illustrate how retailers are assuming a leading role in the field. By introducing animal welfare labels and purchasing guidelines, retailers react to rising societal concerns for the welfare of farmed animals. Governmental actors, conversely, are exercising restraint and engage in voluntary rather than regulatory policies. Contrary to the traditionally strong role of the state in agricultural policy, the contribution indicates a shift towards market-based governance in the field of farm animal welfare.
AbstractThe intensification of livestock production and the focus on economic gains of agricultural policy have resulted in animal welfare related challenges. In many countries the societal concern for the welfare of farmed animals is increasing. Whereas policymakers on the European Union’s level and in EU member states have passed specific farm animal protection laws, the existing policies do not always guarantee the welfare of farmed animals. At the same time, the engagement of market actors in the field is increasing. This article explores the development of public and private policies in two countries with very different levels of regulation. By conducting a comparative analysis of public and private policies in Germany and France, the findings illustrate that, although they have different starting points, retailers in both countries are getting increasingly involved in farm animal welfare. In addition, there is evidence that governmental policies are shifting from regulatory to voluntary approaches in cooperation with the private sector. Given that in both countries these dynamics are a very recent development, it remains to be seen whether governmental actors will (re-)assume the lead in the field, whether they will engage in cooperation with private actors, or whether they will leave the task of agricultural restructuring to the market. View Full-Text
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Vogeler, C.S. Market-Based Governance in Farm Animal Welfare—A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private Policies in Germany and France. Animals 2019, 9, 267.
Vogeler CS. Market-Based Governance in Farm Animal Welfare—A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private Policies in Germany and France. Animals. 2019; 9(5):267.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vogeler, Colette S. 2019. "Market-Based Governance in Farm Animal Welfare—A Comparative Analysis of Public and Private Policies in Germany and France." Animals 9, no. 5: 267.
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