Spatialities of Dog Theft: A Critical Perspective
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Data Search for Dog Theft Data
2.2. Data Collection and Geographic Information System (GIS) Analyses
What was the total number of dog theft crimes in 2015/2016/2017?What was the outcome (charge/summons, community resolution, active investigation, evidential difficulties, no suspect identified) for each dog theft crime in 2015/2016/2017?
"Although excess cost removes the forces obligations under the Freedom of Information Act, as a gesture of goodwill, I have supplied information, relative to your request, retrieved or available before it was realised that the fees limit would be exceeded. I trust this is helpful, but it does not affect our legal right to rely on the fees regulations for the remainder of your request."
2.3. GIS Spatial Mapping
2.4. Crime Rates
3. Results and Analysis
3.1. Theft in England and Wales
3.2. Dog Theft in England and Wales
Conflicts of Interest
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|Theft in public:||Any instance where the pet was taken in the public, such as at an ATM or in a store. This does not include thefts taking place in vehicles (separate classification, below) or thefts taking place within buildings deemed as businesses.|
|Theft of/from a vehicle:||Any instance where a pet was taken from a car, or was within a car when the vehicle was stolen.|
|Evidential difficulties:||This includes instances where either the police deemed there not to be enough evidence to proceed, thus closing the case, or where the public were willing to cooperate but could not provide evidence.|
|Withdrawn support/unwilling to assist:||Instances where the public could not or did not cooperate with the police investigation, therefore closing the case. This is separated from evidential difficulties as it could demonstrate false reporting, such as a domestic dispute over pet ownership etc.|
|Not in public interest (police decision)/prevented:||This includes instances where the crime was classified as “prevented”―the assumption is that the crime did not happen. It also includes instances where the police deemed the prosecution as not being worth pursuing, usually because the dispute was settled.|
|No further action:||Instances where “no further action” was listed in the data, where the case was cancelled or transferred by the force, or where the case was falsely recorded.|
|Penalty notice/caution/other:||Any instance where a penalty notice or fine was implemented as punishment, where a police caution was given instead of an arrest, or where a court summons is recorded but the outcome of which is not described further. This also includes categories such as youth restorative programmes, extended professional opinions, situations where complaints were made, or where another force had primacy jurisdiction. It also includes court disposal of cases or instances where prosecution time was marked as “expired”.|
|Year||Theft Offences||Burglary||Domestic Burglary||Non-Domestic Burglary||Vehicle Offences||Theft from the Person||Bicycle Theft||Shoplifting||Other Theft Offences|
|Police Force Area||Number of Dog Theft Crimes, 2015||Crime Rate Per 100,000, 2015||Number of Dog Theft Crimes 2016||Crime Rate Per 100,000 2016||Number of Dog Theft Crimes, 2017||Crime Rate Per 100,000, 2017||Police Per 100,000 Population (Rank) |
|Avon and Somerset||48||2.88||21||1.24||21||1.23||153 (35)|
|Derbyshire||No Data||No Data||4||0.38||11||1.04||166 (26)|
|Devon and Cornwall||36||2.09||62||3.57||78||4.45||169 (23)|
|Greater Manchester||120||4.35||132||4.74||146||5.21||227 (5)|
|Hampshire||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||143 (39)|
|Metropolitan Police||167||1.92||137||1.56||169||1.91||352 (1)|
|North Wales||16||2.30||21||3.02||40||5.74||214 (12)|
|North Yorkshire||21||2.59||23||2.81||15||1.82||164 (30)|
|South Wales||62||4.74||27||2.04||17||1.28||220 (7)|
|South Yorkshire||58||4.21||65||4.69||82||5.88||176 (18)|
|Sussex||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||151 (36)|
|Thames Valley||47||1.99||47||1.97||72||3.01||170 (21)|
|West Mercia||43||3.44||61||4.83||35||2.75||155 (34)|
|West Midlands||25||0.88||25||0.87||29||1.00||227 (4)|
|West Yorkshire||166||7.27||197||8.58||172||7.45||217 (10)|
|Wiltshire||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||No Data||139 (42)|
|Year||Number of Thefts Nationally||No Further Action (NFA)||% NFA||Number Charged||% Charged|
|2016||1653 (+6.03%)||1013 (+18.76%)||61.28%||51 (−20.31%)||3.08%|
|2017||1842 (+11.43%)||1075 (+6.12)||58.36%||39 (−23.53%)||2.11%|
|Police Force Area||Number of Dogs Stolen 2017 (Emporium, FOI January 2018)||Number of Dogs Stolen 2017 (Direct Line, FOI February 2018)||Number of Dog Theft Crimes 2017 (Allen et al., FOI May 2018)|
|Avon and Somerset||19||21||21|
|City of London||0||0||0|
|Devon and Cornwall||80||80||65|
|Hampshire||No Data||No Data||No Data|
|North Wales||No Data||No Data||40|
|Sussex||No Data||No Data||No Data|
|Thames Valley||No Data||93||72|
|Wiltshire||17||No Data||No Data|
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Allen, D.; Peacock, A.; Arathoon, J. Spatialities of Dog Theft: A Critical Perspective. Animals 2019, 9, 209. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9050209
Allen D, Peacock A, Arathoon J. Spatialities of Dog Theft: A Critical Perspective. Animals. 2019; 9(5):209. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9050209Chicago/Turabian Style
Allen, Daniel, Adam Peacock, and Jamie Arathoon. 2019. "Spatialities of Dog Theft: A Critical Perspective" Animals 9, no. 5: 209. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9050209