Development and Function of the Intestinal Microbiome and Potential Implications for Pig Production
Simple SummaryPiglet preweaning mortality is a major economic loss and welfare concern for the global pork industry, with the industry average sitting at approximately 15%. As such, novel methods for reducing this mortality are needed. Since research into the intestinal microbiota has provided advances in human health, in particular the impact of early life factors, it was the logical next step to synthesise the existing literature to determine the potential relevance to the pig industry. It is evident from the literature that this area of research provides promising results. However, a large gap within the literature currently exists within the lactation period in pigs. Since optimal development within early life is proving to be critical for human infants, it is crucial that further research is invested into understanding the impact of early life events on a piglet’s microbiome. It is hoped that this review will enable access to critical information for those interested in the microbiome and its potential for improving herd health on the farm.
AbstractThe intestinal microbiota has received a lot of attention in recent times due to its essential role in the immune system development and function. Recent work in humans has demonstrated that the first year of life is the most critical time period for microbiome development with perturbations during this time being proven to have long term health consequences. In this review, we describe the literature surrounding early life events in humans and mice that contribute to intestinal microbiota development and function, and compare this to piglets predominantly during their lactation period, which focuses on the impact lactation management practices may have on the intestinal microbiota. Although extensive research has been conducted in this area in humans and mice, little research exists in pigs during perceivably the most critical time period of development, which is the lactation period. The research reviewed outlines the importance of appropriate intestinal microbiota development. However, further research is needed in order to understand the full extent routine farm practices have on a piglet’s intestinal microbiota. View Full-Text
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Nowland, T.L.; Plush, K.J.; Barton, M.; Kirkwood, R.N. Development and Function of the Intestinal Microbiome and Potential Implications for Pig Production. Animals 2019, 9, 76.
Nowland TL, Plush KJ, Barton M, Kirkwood RN. Development and Function of the Intestinal Microbiome and Potential Implications for Pig Production. Animals. 2019; 9(3):76.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nowland, Tanya L.; Plush, Kate J.; Barton, Mary; Kirkwood, Roy N. 2019. "Development and Function of the Intestinal Microbiome and Potential Implications for Pig Production." Animals 9, no. 3: 76.
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