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Prepartum Lying Behavior of Holstein Dairy Cows Housed on Pasture through Parturition
Open AccessArticle

Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia

Animal Care Services, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009 Australia
College of Veterinary Medicine, Murdoch University, Murdoch 6150, Australia
School of Women’s and Infants’ Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Australia
Icon Agriculture, Darkan 6392, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clive J. C. Phillips
Animals 2017, 7(5), 34;
Received: 17 February 2017 / Revised: 18 April 2017 / Accepted: 22 April 2017 / Published: 25 April 2017
The aim of this study was to document the haematological profile of pregnant ewes throughout gestation. Sheep were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): non-pregnant, singleton, or twin pregnancy. Blood samples were collected every 14 days from day 55 of gestation for haemoglobin concentration; packed cell volume; total protein; and albumin concentration. On days 55 and 125 of gestation blood was collected for trace element estimation: soluble copper and zinc; glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx); and methylmalonic acid (MMA). Pooled faecal samples were collected on days 55, 97, and 139 of gestation. Pasture cuts were collected on days 97 and 153 of gestation. The haematology and protein concentrations were not different between groups throughout the study. Copper concentration increased in all animals during the study (p < 0.0001). Zinc concentration was lowest in the singleton and twin pregnant sheep on day 55 of gestation (p = 0.04). GSHPx was not different between groups during the study. MMA decreased in all animals during the study (p < 0.0001), but was not different between groups. Faecal samples were consistently negative for strongyle and nematode eggs, and coccidian oocysts. The pasture was good quality. Pregnant sheep in a farm environment with normal trace element status, no parasites, and an adequate diet, did not develop anaemia (PCV < 0.27). View Full-Text
Keywords: anaemia; pregnancy; sheep anaemia; pregnancy; sheep
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MDPI and ACS Style

Musk, G.C.; James, A.; Kemp, M.W.; Ritchie, S.; Ritchie, A.; Laurence, M. Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia. Animals 2017, 7, 34.

AMA Style

Musk GC, James A, Kemp MW, Ritchie S, Ritchie A, Laurence M. Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia. Animals. 2017; 7(5):34.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Musk, Gabrielle C.; James, Amanda; Kemp, Matthew W.; Ritchie, Sara; Ritchie, Andrew; Laurence, Michael. 2017. "Pregnant Sheep in a Farm Environment Did Not Develop Anaemia" Animals 7, no. 5: 34.

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