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Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Animals in 2016
Open AccessArticle

Whip Rule Breaches in a Major Australian Racing Jurisdiction: Welfare and Regulatory Implications

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Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Room 206, R.M.C. Gunn Building, Sydney 2006, New South Wales, Australia
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School of Geosciences, University of Sydney, Room 435, F09, Madsen Building, Sydney 2006, New South Wales, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clive J. C. Phillips
Animals 2017, 7(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7010004
Received: 26 September 2016 / Revised: 23 December 2016 / Accepted: 4 January 2017 / Published: 16 January 2017
Whip use in horseracing is increasingly being questioned on ethical, animal welfare, social sustainability, and legal grounds. Despite this, there is weak evidence for whip use and its regulation by Stewards in Australia. To help address this, we characterised whip rule breaches recorded by Stewards using Stewards Reports and Race Diaries from 2013 and 2016 in New SouthWales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). There were more recorded breaches at Metropolitan (M) than Country (C) or Provincial (P) locations, and by riders of horses that finished first, second, or third than by riders of horses that finished in other positions. The most commonly recorded breaches were forehand whip use on more than five occasions before the 100-metre (m) mark (44%), and whip use that raises the jockey’s arm above shoulder height (24%). It is recommended that racing compliance data be analysed annually to inform the evidence-base for policy, education, and regulatory change, and ensure the welfare of racehorses and racing integrity. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal welfare; horseracing; racing integrity; whip rule breaches; whip use animal welfare; horseracing; racing integrity; whip rule breaches; whip use
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hood, J.; McDonald, C.; Wilson, B.; McManus, P.; McGreevy, P. Whip Rule Breaches in a Major Australian Racing Jurisdiction: Welfare and Regulatory Implications. Animals 2017, 7, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7010004

AMA Style

Hood J, McDonald C, Wilson B, McManus P, McGreevy P. Whip Rule Breaches in a Major Australian Racing Jurisdiction: Welfare and Regulatory Implications. Animals. 2017; 7(1):4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hood, Jennifer; McDonald, Carolyn; Wilson, Bethany; McManus, Phil; McGreevy, Paul. 2017. "Whip Rule Breaches in a Major Australian Racing Jurisdiction: Welfare and Regulatory Implications" Animals 7, no. 1: 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani7010004

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