- freely available
Animals 2016, 6(5), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani6050032
Does it (the whip) look good? Definitely not. And what are the positives of not having a whip? Jockeys would have to keep both hands on the reins and work a lot harder. It’s about 20 percent harder to ride a finish without using your whip … they would have to think more.
2. The Introduction of the UK (2011) and Australian (2009 and 2015) Whips Rules and Their Amendments
In a race or trial a rider using the whip must give his (sic) horse time to respond and, other than on one occasion in the last 200 m when the whip may be used in three consecutive strides, the whip shall not be used in consecutive strides, other than in a slapping motion down the shoulder, with the whip hand remaining on the reins, or alternatively in a backhand manner.
A rider shall not use the whip more than 5 times prior to the 200 metres other than with a slapping motion down the shoulder, with the whip hand remaining on the reins, or alternatively in a backhand manner.
3. Human-Horse Relations and Media Framing
4. Research Methods
5. Framing of Human-Horse Relationships in Media Coverage of Whip Debates
Years have been spent on the development of the whips that we now use, with findings that promote the use of the stick. Yet instead of backing these findings, we are pandering to the ignorance of perception rather than educating the ill-informed as to why the whip is a necessary aid.
Those opposed to the whip were often referred to as being “anti-racing” and in the minority as detailed by A P McCoy (UK Jockey):There is a damaging mood in racing that the world outside the bubble is wrong and that racing is right; that racing can prosper quite nicely, thank you, without being influenced by agendas of politically correct hippies who wouldn’t swat a mosquito.
What worries me is that the views of a small minority of people, many of whom are anti-racing, anti-everything, are driving this and their views are given equal weight to those who work with horses 24 h a day, seven days a week. Eight million watched the Grand National, 100 or so wrote in to complain about the whip. Should that make it racing’s biggest problem? Not in my book.
Similar dissatisfaction with the rules also featured in the 2009 Australian media with Gai Waterhouse describing the new whip laws as:Sympathy from the racing public has largely rested with the jockeys since the bungled introduction of the new rules last month. Very quickly, the penalties were seen as draconian and the restrictions as inhibiting the will to win. Memories being conveniently short, many even questioned why such reforms were needed.
The silliest rule(s) ever made … It is like telling John McEnroe he can hit the ball every second time, or telling a chess player you can’t use a pawn … Every punter, owner, breeder, trainer must be against the new rule.
Frequency of Media Frames in Whip Debates
6. Media Perceptions and Equine Welfare
Wild-eyed punters clutch their betting slips like starving men with meal tickets and unconsciously ride a finish with their gaze fixed on the screens. Falls of rival horses are cheered and jockeys are exhorted to “hit the thing” until defeat has them routinely denounced as crooked and useless … But the world outside the betting shop has moved on and racing can no longer be seen as compliant in such crassness.
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|The Guardian||48 (4)||Daily Mail||9|
|The Times||34 (2)||The Journal-Newcastle||9|
|The Telegraph||29||The Racing Post||(22)|
|The Independent||19||The Weekender||(3)|
|Daily Mirror||18 (1)||Trinity Mirror||(1)|
|The Sun||16 (1)||Western Morning News||(1)|
|The Belfast Telegraph||7|
|Total 189 (35)|
|Sydney Morning Herald||34 (7)||The Age||15 (2)|
|Herald Sun||29 (2)||Sportsman||5 (2)|
|The Australian||26 (7)||West Australian||4 (1)|
|Courier Mail||16||Miscellaneous (8 newspapers, with 1 article each)||(8)|
|Total 175 (29)|
|The Whip as a Tool||The Whip Should Be Banned||Who Knows Best||Gambling||Rules & Regulations||Punishment Doesn’t Fit the Crime||The Horse||Whip-Free Racing||Community Value and Change|
|Guardian||9||2 (1)||7 (1)||1||22 (1)||17 (1)||2||(1)|
|Sun||3 (1)||2||3 (1)||5||10||3 (1)||1|
|W M News||(1)|
|The Whip as a Tool||The Whip Should be Banned||Who Knows Best||Gambling||Rules & Regulations||The Horse||Community Values & Change||Integrity|
|Sydney Morning Herald||4 (3)||8 (1)||4 (1)||8||28 (4)||5 (1)||3(2)||3 (1)|
|Herald Sun||12 (1)||11 (1)||2 (1)||1||9||2||1(1)||3|
|Australian||2 (1)||9 (4)||6 (3)||2||22 (6)||5||12 (1)||1|
|Age||1||3 (1)||9 (1)||1 (1)||(1)|
|West Australian||4 (1)||2||1||2 (1)|
|Date||Source||No of Relevant Comments (Total)||The Whip as a Tool||The Whip Should Be Banned||Who Knows Best||Gambling||Rules and Regulations||Punishment Doesn’t Fit the Crime||The Horse||Whip-Free Racing||Ban Horse Racing|
|23/4/2011||Daily Mail||10 (10)||2||6||1||1||2||3|
|27/9/2011||Daily Mail||7 (7)||4||1||1||1|
|September 2011||H & H||16(36)||9||7||1||5||1|
|October 2011||H & H||8 (15)||3||4|
|272 (510)||46 (14%)||132 (39%)||56 (17%)||14 (4%)||13 (4%)||7 (2%)||25 (7%)||6 (2%)||37 (11%)||336|
|Date||Source||No of Relevant Comments (Total)||The Whip as a Tool||The Whip Should be Banned||Who Knows Best||Gambling||Rules & Regulations||The Horse|
|30/8/2009||Sunday Telegraph||57 (64)||33||24||8||4||1||1|
|11/9/2009||Animals Australia||2 (20)||2|
|Total 2009||61 (88)||33 (45%)||28 (37%)||8 (11%)||4 (5%)||1 (1%)||1 (1%)||75|
|30/10/2015||Sydney Morning Herald||12 (14)||5||7|
|25/2/2015||The Australian||3 (5)||1||2|
|Total 2015||54 (93)||14 (25%)||32 (54%)||2 (3%)||3 (5%)||6 (10%)||2 (3%)||59|
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