Next Article in Journal
Effects of Dietary Multienzyme Complex Supplementation on Growth Performance, Digestive Capacity, Histomorphology, Blood Metabolites and Hepatic Glycometabolism in Snakehead (Channa argus)
Previous Article in Journal
Diversity of Coronaviruses with Particular Attention to the Interspecies Transmission of SARS-CoV-2
Previous Article in Special Issue
Phenotypic and Genetic Components for Growth, Morphology, and Flesh-Quality Traits of Meagre (Argyrosomus regius) Reared in Tank and Sea Cage
Communication

Thyroid Hormones in Hemolymph of Red King Crabs from the Barents Sea

1
Murmansk Marine Biological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (MMBI RAS), 183010 Murmansk, Russia
2
N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FECIAR UrB RAS), 163000 Arkhangelsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eva Armero and Manuel Manchado
Animals 2022, 12(3), 379; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12030379
Received: 27 December 2021 / Revised: 27 January 2022 / Accepted: 2 February 2022 / Published: 4 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquatic Animals: New Horizons for Blue Growth)
In vertebrates, thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine play a pivotal role in regulating development, metamorphosis, and metabolism. Recently, the presence of endogenous thyroid hormone signaling has also been reported in invertebrates. We assayed thyroid hormone profiles in the red king crab, an iconic commercially important species, which was introduced into the Barents Sea in the 1960s and now is supporting a large-scale profitable fishery. Both thyroid hormones were detected in the crab hemolymph. Their levels fluctuated significantly depending on the maturity status of the crabs and sampling season. These findings confirm that thyroid hormones are involved in the specific physiological processes of red king crabs and may be used in aquaculture.
Only a few studies have reported the presence and levels of thyroid hormones in invertebrates. At the same time, the administration of these hormones has been shown to be a profitable method for inducing growth in crustaceans. Knowledge of thyroid hormone concentrations is required to involve this approach in crustacean aquaculture. For this reason, we examined hemolymph samples of the invasive red king crab Paralithodes camtschaticus from the Barents Sea population for the levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Radioimmunoassays indicated that T3 ranged from 0.26 to 1.55 μg dL–1, whereas T4 varied from 52 to 203 μg dL–1. Adult crabs demonstrated higher levels of T3 than juveniles, while juvenile crabs had higher levels of T4 in comparison to larger conspecifics. The thyroxine levels were consistent throughout the study period. In contrast, significant seasonal variations were found for T3. In immature crabs, the maximum concentration was found in October, whereas in adult crabs, the highest level of T3 was registered in August. Most likely, these results are explained by changes in physiological conditions of the crabs associated with their molting calendar and migration activity. Our data may have important implications for aquaculture of Paralithodes camtschaticus in the Barents Sea. View Full-Text
Keywords: Paralithodes camtschaticus; red king crab; thyroid hormones; triiodothyronine; thyroxine; aquaculture; Barents Sea Paralithodes camtschaticus; red king crab; thyroid hormones; triiodothyronine; thyroxine; aquaculture; Barents Sea
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dvoretsky, A.G.; Tipisova, E.V.; Alikina, V.A.; Elfimova, A.E.; Dvoretsky, V.G. Thyroid Hormones in Hemolymph of Red King Crabs from the Barents Sea. Animals 2022, 12, 379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12030379

AMA Style

Dvoretsky AG, Tipisova EV, Alikina VA, Elfimova AE, Dvoretsky VG. Thyroid Hormones in Hemolymph of Red King Crabs from the Barents Sea. Animals. 2022; 12(3):379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12030379

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dvoretsky, Alexander G., Elena V. Tipisova, Viktoria A. Alikina, Aleksandra E. Elfimova, and Vladimir G. Dvoretsky. 2022. "Thyroid Hormones in Hemolymph of Red King Crabs from the Barents Sea" Animals 12, no. 3: 379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12030379

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop