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Review

Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Sparganosis in Asia

1
Research Center for Parasites & Vectors, College of Veterinary Medicine, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
2
Hunan Provincial the Key Laboratory of Protein Engineering in Animal Vaccine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China
3
School of Life Sciences and Engineering, Foshan University, Foshan 528225, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Guangxu Ma and Yue Xie
Animals 2022, 12(12), 1578; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12121578
Received: 17 April 2022 / Revised: 9 June 2022 / Accepted: 15 June 2022 / Published: 18 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Parasite Epidemiology and Population Genetics)
This study provides information on the life cycle, clinical characteristics, pathogenesis, and molecular diagnosis and describes the geographical distribution and infection characteristics of Spirometra in the host, which are of considerable significance to preventing Spirometra parasites.
Sparganosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the larvae (spargana) of the genus Spirometra, which is widely distributed globally and threatens human health. More than 60 species of Spirometra have already been identified, and over 2000 cases have been reported. This review summarizes the prevalence of humans, frogs, snakes, and other animals with spargana. Furthermore, the infection mode, distribution, and site are summarized and analyzed. We also describe the epidemiology, molecular diagnosis, and other aspects which are of considerable significance to preventing sparganum. View Full-Text
Keywords: sparganum; epidemiological investigation; molecular diagnosis sparganum; epidemiological investigation; molecular diagnosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.; Gong, T.; Chen, S.; Liu, Q.; Zhou, H.; He, J.; Wu, Y.; Li, F.; Liu, Y. Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Sparganosis in Asia. Animals 2022, 12, 1578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12121578

AMA Style

Liu W, Gong T, Chen S, Liu Q, Zhou H, He J, Wu Y, Li F, Liu Y. Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Sparganosis in Asia. Animals. 2022; 12(12):1578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12121578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Wei, Tengfang Gong, Shuyu Chen, Quan Liu, Haoying Zhou, Junlin He, Yong Wu, Fen Li, and Yisong Liu. 2022. "Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Prevention of Sparganosis in Asia" Animals 12, no. 12: 1578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12121578

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