Periodontal and Dental Status in Packs of Spanish Dogs
Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
Department of Human Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 5009 Zaragoza, Spain
Department of Anatomy, Embriology and Animal Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
CIBER CV (University of Zaragoza—IIS), Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wendy Y. Brown
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 30 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 10 April 2021
Periodontal disease (PD) is the most frequently occurring canine oral pathology, and even at early stages, it may significantly affect general health. Therefore, veterinarians should be able to properly diagnose PD, treat PD at earlier stages, and establish preventive strategies. However, data about PD prevalence in different sizes and breeds of dogs are highly variable and incomplete. Our objective was to improve understanding of PD in dogs by studying a specific group of animals that were subjected to specific management: pack dogs in Spain. Thirty-two conscious individuals from two packs of dogs in Northeastern Spain (30/32 crossbred hunting dogs and 2/32 Siberian Husky; 26 males and 6 females; 27.75 ± 5.807 kgs; 5.48 ± 2.818 years; mixed diet: home-prepared food, commercial dry food, stale bread and bones) received visual dental examinations for assessment of absent teeth (AT), dental calculus (DC) grade, gingival recession (GR), periodontal disease (PD), tooth fracture (TF), and dental attrition (DA). The low prevalence (15.62%) and extent of PD (<1 affected tooth/individual) was attributed to diagnosis methodology, bodyweight effect, breed, and, ultimately, diet. Individuals affected by DC remained under veterinary surveillance due to risk of PD development.