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Article

Periodontal and Dental Status in Packs of Spanish Dogs

1
Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Department of Human Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 5009 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Department of Anatomy, Embriology and Animal Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
4
CIBER CV (University of Zaragoza—IIS), Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wendy Y. Brown
Animals 2021, 11(4), 1082; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041082
Received: 24 February 2021 / Revised: 30 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 10 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Companion Animals)
Periodontal disease (PD) is the most frequently occurring canine oral pathology, and even at early stages, it may significantly affect general health. Therefore, veterinarians should be able to properly diagnose PD, treat PD at earlier stages, and establish preventive strategies. However, data about PD prevalence in different sizes and breeds of dogs are highly variable and incomplete. Our objective was to improve understanding of PD in dogs by studying a specific group of animals that were subjected to specific management: pack dogs in Spain. Thirty-two conscious individuals from two packs of dogs in Northeastern Spain (30/32 crossbred hunting dogs and 2/32 Siberian Husky; 26 males and 6 females; 27.75 ± 5.807 kgs; 5.48 ± 2.818 years; mixed diet: home-prepared food, commercial dry food, stale bread and bones) received visual dental examinations for assessment of absent teeth (AT), dental calculus (DC) grade, gingival recession (GR), periodontal disease (PD), tooth fracture (TF), and dental attrition (DA). The low prevalence (15.62%) and extent of PD (<1 affected tooth/individual) was attributed to diagnosis methodology, bodyweight effect, breed, and, ultimately, diet. Individuals affected by DC remained under veterinary surveillance due to risk of PD development.
While periodontal disease (PD) is the most common canine oral pathology, its prevalence varies according to diagnosis methodology, breed, and age. We intended to increase understanding of canine PD by studying dogs that are managed in a specific way: pack dogs in Spain. They received a mixed diet (home-prepared food, commercial dry food, stale bread and bones). Thirty-two conscious individuals from two packs of dogs in Northeastern Spain (30/32 crossbred hunting dogs and 2/32 Siberian Husky; 26 males and 6 females; 27.75 ± 5.807 kgs; 5.48 ± 2.818 years) received visual dental examination for assessment of absent teeth (AT), dental calculus (DC) grade, gingival recession (GR), periodontal disease (PD), tooth fracture (TF), and dental attrition (DA). DC was the most prevalent oral problem (75%), followed by TF/DA (68.75%), AT (34.37%), GR (31.25%), and, finally, PD (15.62%). Low individual affectation values were found for AT, GR, and PD (<1 tooth/individual); mean DC grade per individual was 0.06 ± 0.063; and TF and DA were found in 1.63 and 4.72 teeth/individual, respectively. Low prevalence and extent of PD was attributed to diagnosis methodology, bodyweight effect, breed, and, ultimately, diet. Individuals affected by DC remained under veterinary surveillance due to PD development. View Full-Text
Keywords: canine; periodontal disease; dental calculus; gingiva canine; periodontal disease; dental calculus; gingiva
MDPI and ACS Style

Whyte, A.; Whyte, J.; Monteagudo, L.V.; García-Barrios, A.; Tejedor, M.T. Periodontal and Dental Status in Packs of Spanish Dogs. Animals 2021, 11, 1082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041082

AMA Style

Whyte A, Whyte J, Monteagudo LV, García-Barrios A, Tejedor MT. Periodontal and Dental Status in Packs of Spanish Dogs. Animals. 2021; 11(4):1082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041082

Chicago/Turabian Style

Whyte, Ana; Whyte, Jaime; Monteagudo, Luis V.; García-Barrios, Alberto; Tejedor, M. T. 2021. "Periodontal and Dental Status in Packs of Spanish Dogs" Animals 11, no. 4: 1082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11041082

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