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Open AccessArticle

A Newly Identified LncRNA LncIMF4 Controls Adipogenesis of Porcine Intramuscular Preadipocyte through Attenuating Autophagy to Inhibit Lipolysis

Laboratory of Animal Fat Deposition and Muscle Development, Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction of Shaanxi Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Animals 2020, 10(6), 926; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10060926
Received: 9 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 26 May 2020
Compared with lean-type pigs, the intramuscular fat content of fat-type Bamei pigs was greater. LncRNA, as a vital regular, plays an important role in numerous biological processes. However, there were a few studies on the role of lncRNAs during IMF development in pigs. Based on these, lncRNA sequencing in intramuscular adipocytes was performed to explore the effects of lncRNA on intramuscular fat deposition. RNA sequencing analysis of intramuscular adipocyte from Bamei pig (fat-type) and Yorkshire pig (lean-type) indicated that, a novel lncRNA, lncIMF4, was associated with intramuscular adipogenesis. In addition, further researches showed that knockdown lncIMF4 promoted proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of porcine intramuscular adipocytes, whereas inhibited autophagy. Moreover, knockdown lncIMF4 facilitated intramuscular adipogenesis through attenuating autophagy to repress the lipolysis. Our findings will contribute to better understand the mechanism of lncRNA controlling adipogenesis in pig. Furthermore, it also provides a new perspective to study the role of lncRNA in regulating porcine intramuscular adipogenesis for promoting pork quality.
Intramuscular fat (IMF) is implicated in juiciness, tenderness, and flavor of pork. Meat quality of Chinese fat-type pig is much better than that of lean-type pig because of its higher IMF content. LncRNA is a vital regulator that contributes to adipogenesis. However, it is unknown about the regulation of lncRNA on IMF content. Here, by RNA sequence analysis of intramuscular adipocyte from Bamei pig (fat-type) and Yorkshire pig (lean-type), we found that a novel lncRNA, lncIMF4, was associated with adipogenesis. LncIMF4, abundant in adipose, differently expressed along with intramuscular preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation. Meanwhile, it is located both in cytoplasm and nucleus. Besides, lncIMF4 knockdown promoted proliferation and differentiation of porcine intramuscular preadipocytes, whereas inhibited autophagy. Moreover, lncIMF4 knockdown facilitated intramuscular adipogenesis through attenuating autophagy to repress the lipolysis. Our findings will contribute to understand better the mechanism of lncRNA controlling intramuscular adipogenesis for promoting pork quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: pork quality; lncIMF4; intramuscular preadipocyte; differentiation; autophagy pork quality; lncIMF4; intramuscular preadipocyte; differentiation; autophagy
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Sun, Y.; Cai, R.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, R.; Qin, J.; Pang, W. A Newly Identified LncRNA LncIMF4 Controls Adipogenesis of Porcine Intramuscular Preadipocyte through Attenuating Autophagy to Inhibit Lipolysis. Animals 2020, 10, 926.

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