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Open AccessArticle

Faecal Microbiota Analysis of Piglets During Lactation

1
School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, SA 5400, Australia
2
South Australian Research and Development Institute, Food Sciences, SA 5064, Australia
3
The Davies Research Centre, School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, SA 5371, Australia
4
School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
5
SunPork Group, Murarrie, QLD 4172, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(5), 762; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050762
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 24 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Pigs)
Antimicrobial use in animals and the potential development of antimicrobial resistance is a global concern. So, non-antimicrobial techniques for animal disease control are needed. This study aimed to determine whether neonatal ceftiofur (CF) treatment affects piglet faecal microbiomes and whether faecal microbiome transplantation (FMT) can correct it. Two focal piglets per sow were assigned to treatments as follows: cffresh (n = 6) received CF (3 mg/kg intramuscular) at 7 d and fresh FMT at 13 d; cffrozen (n = 7) received CF at 7 d and frozen FMT at 13 d; CF (n = 8) received CF at 7 d and no FMT; and no CF (n = 5) received no CF or FMT. DNA was extracted from faecal samples collected on days 7, 13, and 18 for 16S rRNA amplicon analysis. All faecal blends used for the FMT consisted of pooled donor pig faeces at 1:2 ratio with saline, delivered orally at 3 mL/kg. Alpha and beta diversity metrics increased with age (p < 0.05). However, no effect of antibiotic or FMT treatment was evident in 13 and 18 d old piglets (p > 0.05). Although no effect of treatment was observed, information regarding microbial membership during lactation was gained. View Full-Text
Keywords: faecal microbiome transplantation; ceftiofur; antibiotic; bacteria; diversity faecal microbiome transplantation; ceftiofur; antibiotic; bacteria; diversity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nowland, T.L.; Torok, V.A.; Low, W.Y.; Barton, M.D.; Plush, K.J.; Kirkwood, R.N. Faecal Microbiota Analysis of Piglets During Lactation. Animals 2020, 10, 762. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050762

AMA Style

Nowland TL, Torok VA, Low WY, Barton MD, Plush KJ, Kirkwood RN. Faecal Microbiota Analysis of Piglets During Lactation. Animals. 2020; 10(5):762. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050762

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nowland, Tanya L.; Torok, Valeria A.; Low, Wai Y.; Barton, Mary D.; Plush, Kate J.; Kirkwood, Roy N. 2020. "Faecal Microbiota Analysis of Piglets During Lactation" Animals 10, no. 5: 762. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050762

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