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Article

A Meta-analysis Describing the Effects of the Essential oils Blend Agolin Ruminant on Performance, Rumen Fermentation and Methane Emissions in Dairy Cows †

1
Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Profesor Albareda 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
2
Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), Edinburg campus, Peter Wilson Building, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK
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Université Clermont Auvergne, INRAE, VetAgro Sup, UMR 1213 Herbivores unit, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France
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Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08005 Barcelona, Spain
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Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries (IRTA), Department of Ruminant Production, 08140 Caldes de Montbui, Spain
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Agolin SA, 1145 Bière, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Running title: Effects of an essential oil blend for dairy cows.
Animals 2020, 10(4), 620; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040620
Received: 7 February 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2020 / Accepted: 30 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Supplements and Feed Additives in Dairy Cattle Nutrition)
Increasing feed efficiency and decreasing environmental impact are key targets in ruminant sciences. This meta-analysis suggested that supplementation of lactating dairy cows with the essential oil blend Agolin Ruminant® (at 1g/d per cow) during a period greater than 4 weeks had a positive effect on milk yield (+4%) and decreased methane emissions (−10%) without affecting feed intake and milk composition. Although the mode of action is still unclear, this nutritional strategy seems to represent an encouraging alternative to improve productivity in commercial farms.
There is an increasing pressure to identify feed additives which increase productivity or decrease methane emissions. This paper aims to elucidate the effects of supplementing a specific essential oils blend Agolin® Ruminant on the productivity of dairy cows in comparison to non-treated animals. A total of 23 in vivo studies were identified in which Agolin was supplemented at 1 g/d per cow; then a meta-analysis was performed to determine the response ratio on milk yield, rumen fermentation, methane emissions and health. Results indicated that an adaptation period of at least 4 weeks of treatment is required. Whereas short-term studies showed minor and inconsistent effects of Agolin, long-term studies (>4 weeks of treatment) revealed that Agolin supplementation increases milk yield (+3.6%), fat and protein corrected milk (+4.1%) and feed efficiency (+4.4%) without further changes in milk composition and feed intake. Long-term treatment also decreased methane production per day (−8.8%), per dry matter intake (−12.9%) and per fat and protein corrected milk yield (−9.9%) without changes in rumen fermentation pattern. In conclusion, despite the mode of action is still unclear and the small number of studies considered, these findings show that Agolin represents an encouraging alternative to improve productivity in dairy cows. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy cows; essential oils; meta-analysis; methane; milk yield dairy cows; essential oils; meta-analysis; methane; milk yield
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MDPI and ACS Style

Belanche, A.; Newbold, C.J.; Morgavi, D.P.; Bach, A.; Zweifel, B.; Yáñez-Ruiz, D.R. A Meta-analysis Describing the Effects of the Essential oils Blend Agolin Ruminant on Performance, Rumen Fermentation and Methane Emissions in Dairy Cows. Animals 2020, 10, 620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040620

AMA Style

Belanche A, Newbold CJ, Morgavi DP, Bach A, Zweifel B, Yáñez-Ruiz DR. A Meta-analysis Describing the Effects of the Essential oils Blend Agolin Ruminant on Performance, Rumen Fermentation and Methane Emissions in Dairy Cows. Animals. 2020; 10(4):620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040620

Chicago/Turabian Style

Belanche, Alejandro, Charles J. Newbold, Diego P. Morgavi, Alex Bach, Beatrice Zweifel, and David R. Yáñez-Ruiz. 2020. "A Meta-analysis Describing the Effects of the Essential oils Blend Agolin Ruminant on Performance, Rumen Fermentation and Methane Emissions in Dairy Cows" Animals 10, no. 4: 620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10040620

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