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Article

First Report of aacC5-aadA7Δ4 Gene Cassette Array and Phage Tail Tape Measure Protein on Class 1 Integrons of Campylobacter Species Isolated from Animal and Human Sources in Egypt

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt
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Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biotechnology, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(11), 2067; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112067
Received: 2 October 2020 / Revised: 1 November 2020 / Accepted: 2 November 2020 / Published: 8 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Resistance in Veterinary Medicine and Public Health)
Campylobacter species are among the major causes of bacterial foodborne infections. Here, we investigate, for the first time, class 1 integrons and associated gene cassettes among pan drug-resistant (PDR), extensively drug-resistant (XDR), and multidrug-resistant (MDR) Campylobacter species isolated from livestock animals and humans in Egypt. Our results revealed alarming PDR (2.55%) and inordinate XDR (68.94%) and MDR (28.5%) Campylobacter isolates. None of the examined isolates were pan-susceptible. The existence of a novel gene cassette array, namely aacC5-aadA7Δ4 and a putative phage tail tape measure protein on class 1 integrons of Campylobacter species is the most highlighted novelty of the current study. Evidence from this study showed the possibility of Campylobacter–bacteriophage interactions as well as treatment failure in animals and humans due to horizontal gene transfer mediated by class 1 integrons.
Campylobacter species are common commensals in the gastrointestinal tract of livestock animals; thus, animal-to-human transmission occurs frequently. We investigated for the first time, class 1 integrons and associated gene cassettes among pan drug-resistant (PDR), extensively drug-resistant (XDR), and multidrug-resistant (MDR) Campylobacter species isolated from livestock animals and humans in Egypt. Campylobacter species were detected in 58.11% of the analyzed chicken samples represented as 67.53% Campylobacter jejuni(C. jejuni) and 32.47% Campylobacter coli (C. coli). C. jejuni isolates were reported in 51.42%, 74.28%, and 66.67% of examined minced meat, raw milk, and human stool samples, respectively. Variable antimicrobial resistance phenotypes; PDR (2.55%), XDR (68.94%), and MDR (28.5%) campylobacters were reported. Molecular analysis revealed that 97.36% of examined campylobacters were integrase gene-positive; all harbored the class 1 integrons, except one possessed an empty integron structure. DNA sequence analysis revealed the predominance of aadA (81.08%) and dfrA (67.56%) alleles accounting for resistance to aminoglycosides and trimethoprim, respectively. This is the first report of aacC5-aadA7Δ4 gene cassette array and a putative phage tail tape measure protein on class 1 integrons of Campylobacter isolates. Evidence from this study showed the possibility of Campylobacter–bacteriophage interactions and treatment failure in animals and humans due to horizontal gene transfer mediated by class 1 integrons. View Full-Text
Keywords: Campylobacter species; class 1 integrons; extensively drug-resistance; pan drug-resistance; gene cassette arrays Campylobacter species; class 1 integrons; extensively drug-resistance; pan drug-resistance; gene cassette arrays
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abd El-Aziz, N.K.; Ammar, A.M.; Hamdy, M.M.; Gobouri, A.A.; Azab, E.; Sewid, A.H. First Report of aacC5-aadA7Δ4 Gene Cassette Array and Phage Tail Tape Measure Protein on Class 1 Integrons of Campylobacter Species Isolated from Animal and Human Sources in Egypt. Animals 2020, 10, 2067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112067

AMA Style

Abd El-Aziz NK, Ammar AM, Hamdy MM, Gobouri AA, Azab E, Sewid AH. First Report of aacC5-aadA7Δ4 Gene Cassette Array and Phage Tail Tape Measure Protein on Class 1 Integrons of Campylobacter Species Isolated from Animal and Human Sources in Egypt. Animals. 2020; 10(11):2067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abd El-Aziz, Norhan K., Ahmed M. Ammar, Mona M. Hamdy, Adil A. Gobouri, Ehab Azab, and Alaa H. Sewid. 2020. "First Report of aacC5-aadA7Δ4 Gene Cassette Array and Phage Tail Tape Measure Protein on Class 1 Integrons of Campylobacter Species Isolated from Animal and Human Sources in Egypt" Animals 10, no. 11: 2067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10112067

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