Next Article in Journal
New Gene Markers Involved in Molecular Processes of Tissue Repair, Response to Wounding and Regeneration Are Differently Expressed in Fibroblasts from Porcine Oral Mucosa during Long-Term Primary Culture
Next Article in Special Issue
Canine Blood Group Prevalence and Geographical Distribution around the World: An Updated Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Comparison of Clinical Effectiveness of Deslorelin Acetate and Osaterone Acetate in Dogs with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Autologous Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Post-Extraction Alveolar Sockets: A Randomized, Controlled Split-Mouth Trial in Dogs with Spontaneous Periodontal Disease
Communication

Frequency of Blood Types A, B and AB in a Population of Non-Pedigree Domestic Cats from Central Italy

1
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary University Hospital, University of Teramo, Piano d’Accio, 64100 Teramo, Italy
2
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, 06100 Perugia, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the work as first names.
These authors contributed equally to the work as last names.
Animals 2020, 10(10), 1937; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101937
Received: 28 September 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 20 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hematology and Transfusion Medicine in Animals)
This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of AB blood groups in non-pedigree domestic cats in Central Italy. The presence of natural alloantibodies in the feline blood group system can cause life-threatening transfusion reactions due to mismatched transfusion and, depending on the parents’ blood type, can also account for hemolytic reactions in newborn kittens. Based on the frequency of the AB blood groups found in the 483 cats studied, a potential risk (6.5%) of acute hemolytic transfusion or neonatal reactions was calculated. Therefore, determining the blood group in non-pedigree domestic cats from Central Italy before transfusion is strongly recommended, as has been reported for other geographical areas. Moreover, particular attention should be paid to the mating of non-purebred cats.
Blood transfusion reactions and neonatal isoerythrolysis are common events in the feline population due to the presence of natural alloantibodies in the AB blood group system. It is known that the frequency of feline blood types varies according to the geographic region and breed. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the frequency of AB blood groups in non-pedigree domestic cats in Central Italy and estimate the risk of a life-threatening transfusion reaction and neonatal isoerythrolysis, caused by mismatched transfusion or incompatible random mating, respectively. The AB blood group was determined on non-pedigree domestic feline patients and potential blood donors submitted at the Veterinary Teaching Hospitals of the Universities of Teramo (Abruzzo Region, Teramo, Italy) and Perugia (Umbria Region, Teramo, Italy), and visited at veterinary practitioners in Rome (Lazio Region, Teramo, Italy) using commercial immunochromatographic cartridges and commercial agglutination cards. There were four hundred and eighty-three cats included in the study. The frequencies of the blood types were: 89.9% type A, 7.0% type B, and 3.1% type AB. The probability of an acute hemolytic transfusion reaction or a neonatal isoerythrolysis was 6.5%. Although the frequency of type B in non-pedigree domestic cats living in Central Italy was relatively low, to reduce the risk of fatal transfusion reactions, blood group typing is recommended before each transfusion. View Full-Text
Keywords: feline; AB blood group; transfusion reaction; neonatal isoerythrolysis; central Italy feline; AB blood group; transfusion reaction; neonatal isoerythrolysis; central Italy
MDPI and ACS Style

Tommaso, M.D.; Miglio, A.; Crisi, P.E.; Boari, A.; Rocconi, F.; Antognoni, M.T.; Luciani, A. Frequency of Blood Types A, B and AB in a Population of Non-Pedigree Domestic Cats from Central Italy. Animals 2020, 10, 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101937

AMA Style

Tommaso MD, Miglio A, Crisi PE, Boari A, Rocconi F, Antognoni MT, Luciani A. Frequency of Blood Types A, B and AB in a Population of Non-Pedigree Domestic Cats from Central Italy. Animals. 2020; 10(10):1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101937

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tommaso, Morena D., Arianna Miglio, Paolo E. Crisi, Andrea Boari, Francesca Rocconi, Maria T. Antognoni, and Alessia Luciani. 2020. "Frequency of Blood Types A, B and AB in a Population of Non-Pedigree Domestic Cats from Central Italy" Animals 10, no. 10: 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101937

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop