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Open AccessArticle

Diversity and Genetic Relationship of Free-Range Chickens from the Northeast Region of Brazil

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Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Piauí (UFPI), Campus Universitário Ministro Petrônio Portella, 64049-550 Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
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Department of Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Cordoba, 14071 Cordoba, Spain
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Animal Breeding Consulting sl., C/. Astrónoma Cecilia Payne, ID-1, 8-PE, Rabanales 21, 14014 Cordoba, Spain
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National Institute for Agrarian and Veterinarian Research (INIAV), Fonte Boa, 2005-048 Vale de Santarém, Portugal
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Vasco da Gama University School, 197 Lordemão, 3020-210 Coimbra, Portugal
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Department of Chemistry and Biology, Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Biology, State University of Maranhão (UEMA), Center for Higher Studies of Caxias, 65604-380 Caxias, Maranhão, Brazil
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Andalusian Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries Research and Training (IFAPA), Alameda del Obispo, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) Meio-Norte, Sector of Technology Transfer, Bairro Buenos Aires, 64006-220 Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
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Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health (CIISA), University of Lisbon, Avenida da Universidade Técnica, 1300-477 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(10), 1857; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101857
Received: 8 September 2020 / Revised: 4 October 2020 / Accepted: 6 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Morpho-Functional and Genetic Characterization of Local Breeds)
Local animal breeds represent a national genetic heritage for every country. Creole free-range chickens have important cultural, historical, genetic, and economic roles in several countries. In Brazil, there is a lack of information regarding the genetic formation of local chicken breeds. These animals were brought to Brazil during colonization in the 16th century. Currently, Brazilian Creole chickens are highly adapted to the edaphoclimatic conditions of the country and are mostly reared by smallholders. In this study, we used microsatellite markers to determine the genetic composition of three chicken breeds from the northeast region of Brazil. Our results confirm the existence of interbreed genetic diversity and high genetic variability within the Brazilian Creole chickens studied. Furthermore, our findings show that the formation of these genetic groups had contributions from different ancestors. Our results will be useful to support the development of conservation programs, as well as the sustainable use and official recognition of these breeds.
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the genetic diversity within and among chicken breeds from the northeast region of Brazil (states of Bahia and Piauí) using microsatellite markers. In addition, we assessed the identity and genetic relationships of chickens from Europe, Africa, and South America, as well as their influence on the formation of the Brazilian breeds. A total of 25 microsatellite markers and a panel containing 886 samples from 20 breeds (including the Brazilian chickens) were used in this study. Different statistical parameters were used to estimate the genetic diversity and relationship among the genetic groups studied. Our study indicates that the Brazilian Creole chickens have high genetic variability. The results show that chickens reared in the states of Bahia and Piauí could have originated from different ancestors. The Brazilian breeds studied have an evolutionary relationship with chickens from Portugal, Nigeria, Chile, and Spain. Our results will contribute directly to the conservation and recognition of Brazilian Creole chicken breeds and provide a solid basis for the demonstration of their genetic identity and genetic conservation of American Creole chicken populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation; Gallus gallus; genetic resources; microsatellites; native breeds conservation; Gallus gallus; genetic resources; microsatellites; native breeds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Araújo de Carvalho, D.; Martínez Martínez, A.; Carolino, I.; Barros, M.C.; Camacho Vallejo, M.E.; Santos-Silva, F.; de Oliveira Almeida, M.J.; Carolino, N.; Delgado Bermejo, J.V.; Sarmento, J.L.R. Diversity and Genetic Relationship of Free-Range Chickens from the Northeast Region of Brazil. Animals 2020, 10, 1857. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101857

AMA Style

Araújo de Carvalho D, Martínez Martínez A, Carolino I, Barros MC, Camacho Vallejo ME, Santos-Silva F, de Oliveira Almeida MJ, Carolino N, Delgado Bermejo JV, Sarmento JLR. Diversity and Genetic Relationship of Free-Range Chickens from the Northeast Region of Brazil. Animals. 2020; 10(10):1857. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101857

Chicago/Turabian Style

Araújo de Carvalho, Débora; Martínez Martínez, Amparo; Carolino, Inês; Barros, Maria C.; Camacho Vallejo, María E.; Santos-Silva, Fátima; de Oliveira Almeida, Marcos J.; Carolino, Nuno; Delgado Bermejo, Juan V.; Sarmento, José L.R. 2020. "Diversity and Genetic Relationship of Free-Range Chickens from the Northeast Region of Brazil" Animals 10, no. 10: 1857. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101857

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