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Article

Prevalence of Salmonella by Serological and Direct Detection Methods in Piglets from Inconspicuous, Conspicuous, and Vaccinated Sow Herds

1
Institute for Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173 Hanover, Germany
2
EVH Select GmbH, An der Feuerwache 14, D-49716 Meppen, Germany
3
Schweinegesundheitsdienst der Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Fachbereich Tiergesundheit, Hermann-Ehler-Str. 15, D-26160 Bad-Zwischenhahn-Wehnen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010029
Received: 26 November 2019 / Revised: 10 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 21 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Veterinary Microbiology in Farm Animals)
Salmonella is one of the most important bacterial zoonotic pathogens worldwide that can lead to infections in humans, particularly through the consumption of contaminated food. The percentage of diarrhoeal diseases attributable to the consumption of pork products has risen in recent years, whereas cases associated with poultry meat have considerably decreased. In the present study, the Salmonella prevalence on piglet-producing farms was determined on the basis of environmental samples and blood samples on 24 pig farms previously classified as Salmonella-inconspicuous (SI) and Salmonella-conspicuous (SC). In addition, the effects of sow vaccination against Salmonella prevalence in piglets on SC farms were investigated. The evaluation confirmed the previous classification into SC and SI farms—SC-farms showed significantly higher Salmonella prevalence in environmental samples and significantly higher OD% values in blood samples from piglets. Furthermore, vaccination of sows on SC farms was accompanied by the highest Salmonella prevalence in the environment, and by the highest antibody titer values in piglets, and therefore cannot influence the Salmonella prevalence solely at the farm level.
Due to the zoonotic potential of Salmonella, the high prevalence of Salmonella on pig farms deserves particular attention. Because there is limited precise data on piglet-producing farms, this survey evaluated the Salmonella status of 24 different pig farms that had previously been divided into 12 Salmonella-conspicuous (SC) and 12 Salmonella-inconspicuous (SI) farms on the basis of the serological status of their piglets (25 kg). The evaluation was based on 498 environmental samples and 2641 blood samples, as well as on a biosecurity screening. SC farms were subdivided into farms with sow vaccination against Salmonella (n = 3) and those without vaccination (n = 9). In accordance with the previous classification, both the highest Salmonella prevalence in the environment and the highest antibody titers of the examined piglets were determined on SC farms at both defined time points. Piglets from vaccinated sows showed the highest OD% values, before and after vaccination. On SC farms, most Salmonella-positive samples could be obtained in rearing areas (2017: 40.8%, 2019: 26.0%). The results of this study indicate that sow vaccination alone cannot influence Salmonella prevalence at the farm level. Above all, general infection pressure seems to play a major role for Salmonella prevalence in the environment and for high OD% values of related pigs. View Full-Text
Keywords: salmonella; pig farms; vaccination; prevalence; serology salmonella; pig farms; vaccination; prevalence; serology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buch, J.-M.; Visscher, C.; Schulte zu Sundern, A.; Schulte-Wülwer, J.; Deermann, A.; Holling, C. Prevalence of Salmonella by Serological and Direct Detection Methods in Piglets from Inconspicuous, Conspicuous, and Vaccinated Sow Herds. Animals 2020, 10, 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010029

AMA Style

Buch J-M, Visscher C, Schulte zu Sundern A, Schulte-Wülwer J, Deermann A, Holling C. Prevalence of Salmonella by Serological and Direct Detection Methods in Piglets from Inconspicuous, Conspicuous, and Vaccinated Sow Herds. Animals. 2020; 10(1):29. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buch, Juhle-Marijke, Christian Visscher, Anton Schulte zu Sundern, Josef Schulte-Wülwer, Ansgar Deermann, and Carolin Holling. 2020. "Prevalence of Salmonella by Serological and Direct Detection Methods in Piglets from Inconspicuous, Conspicuous, and Vaccinated Sow Herds" Animals 10, no. 1: 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10010029

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