Next Article in Journal
Composition and Corrosivity of Extracellular Polymeric Substances from the Hydrocarbon-Degrading Sulfate-Reducing Bacterium Desulfoglaeba alkanexedens ALDC
Next Article in Special Issue
Low-Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characteristics of Biofilm Development Process
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Genomics and Specific Functional Characteristics Analysis of Lactobacillus acidophilus
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characterizing the Shearing Stresses within the CDC Biofilm Reactor Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Review

A Selection of Platforms to Evaluate Surface Adhesion and Biofilm Formation in Controlled Hydrodynamic Conditions

LEPABE—Laboratory for Process Engineering, Environment, Biotechnology and Energy, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James Garnett
Microorganisms 2021, 9(9), 1993; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9091993
Received: 7 August 2021 / Revised: 14 September 2021 / Accepted: 17 September 2021 / Published: 21 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Films-the Interplay of Physics and Biology)
The early colonization of surfaces and subsequent biofilm development have severe impacts in environmental, industrial, and biomedical settings since they entail high costs and health risks. To develop more effective biofilm control strategies, there is a need to obtain laboratory biofilms that resemble those found in natural or man-made settings. Since microbial adhesion and biofilm formation are strongly affected by hydrodynamics, the knowledge of flow characteristics in different marine, food processing, and medical device locations is essential. Once the hydrodynamic conditions are known, platforms for cell adhesion and biofilm formation should be selected and operated, in order to obtain reproducible biofilms that mimic those found in target scenarios. This review focuses on the most widely used platforms that enable the study of initial microbial adhesion and biofilm formation under controlled hydrodynamic conditions—modified Robbins devices, flow chambers, rotating biofilm devices, microplates, and microfluidic devices—and where numerical simulations have been used to define relevant flow characteristics, namely the shear stress and shear rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofilm; microbial adhesion; hydrodynamics; shear stress; shear rate; computational fluid dynamics; flow systems; microplates biofilm; microbial adhesion; hydrodynamics; shear stress; shear rate; computational fluid dynamics; flow systems; microplates
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gomes, L.C.; Mergulhão, F.J.M. A Selection of Platforms to Evaluate Surface Adhesion and Biofilm Formation in Controlled Hydrodynamic Conditions. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1993. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9091993

AMA Style

Gomes LC, Mergulhão FJM. A Selection of Platforms to Evaluate Surface Adhesion and Biofilm Formation in Controlled Hydrodynamic Conditions. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(9):1993. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9091993

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gomes, Luciana C., and Filipe J.M. Mergulhão. 2021. "A Selection of Platforms to Evaluate Surface Adhesion and Biofilm Formation in Controlled Hydrodynamic Conditions" Microorganisms 9, no. 9: 1993. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9091993

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop