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Review

Xylella fastidiosa in Olive: A Review of Control Attempts and Current Management

1
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante, Sede Secondaria di Bari, 70124 Bari, Italy
2
DMC Research Center, 18620 Granada, Spain
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Área de Toxicología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Sevilla, 41012 Seville, Spain
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Centro di Ricerca, Sperimentazione e Formazione in Agricoltura Basile Caramia, 70010 Locorotondo, Italy
5
RTDS Group, 1080 Wien, Austria
6
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Health and Bioresources, 3430 Tulln, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joana Costa, Joël F. Pothier, Jens Boch, Emilio Stefani and Ralf Koebnik
Microorganisms 2021, 9(8), 1771; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081771
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 9 August 2021 / Accepted: 14 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
Since 2013, Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. has been reported to infect several hosts and to be present in different areas of Europe. The main damage has been inflicted on the olive orchards of southern Apulia (Italy), where a severe disease associated with X. fastidiosa subspecies pauca strain De Donno has led to the death of millions of trees. This dramatic and continuously evolving situation has led to European and national (Italian and Spanish) measures being implemented to reduce the spread of the pathogen and the associated olive quick decline syndrome (OQDS). Research has been also carried out to find solutions to better and directly fight the bacterium and its main insect vector, Philaenus spumarius L. In the course of this frantic effort, several treatments based on chemical or biological substances have been tested, in addition to plant breeding techniques and integrated pest management approaches. This review aims to summarize the attempts made so far and describe the prospects for better management of this serious threat, which poses alarming questions for the future of olive cultivation in the Mediterranean basin and beyond. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial disease; olive outbreak; sustainable control; IPM strategy; Philaenus spumarius bacterial disease; olive outbreak; sustainable control; IPM strategy; Philaenus spumarius
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morelli, M.; García-Madero, J.M.; Jos, Á.; Saldarelli, P.; Dongiovanni, C.; Kovacova, M.; Saponari, M.; Baños Arjona, A.; Hackl, E.; Webb, S.; Compant, S. Xylella fastidiosa in Olive: A Review of Control Attempts and Current Management. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1771. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081771

AMA Style

Morelli M, García-Madero JM, Jos Á, Saldarelli P, Dongiovanni C, Kovacova M, Saponari M, Baños Arjona A, Hackl E, Webb S, Compant S. Xylella fastidiosa in Olive: A Review of Control Attempts and Current Management. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(8):1771. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081771

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morelli, Massimiliano, José M. García-Madero, Ángeles Jos, Pasquale Saldarelli, Crescenza Dongiovanni, Magdalena Kovacova, Maria Saponari, Alberto Baños Arjona, Evelyn Hackl, Stephen Webb, and Stéphane Compant. 2021. "Xylella fastidiosa in Olive: A Review of Control Attempts and Current Management" Microorganisms 9, no. 8: 1771. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081771

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