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Article

Descriptive Study of Gut Microbiota in Infected and Colonized Subjects by Clostridiodes difficile

1
MiBioPath Group, Health and Science Faculty, Catholic University of Murcia, Campus de los Jerónimos, 135, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Infectious Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Vinalopó, Carrer Tonico Sansano Mora, 14, 03293 Elche, Spain
3
Biochemistry Laboratory, Vega Baja Hospital, Carretera Orihuela-Almoradí s/n, 03314 San Bartolomé, Spain
4
Microbiology Laboratory, University Hospital of Vinalopó, Carrer Tonico Sansano Mora, 14, 03293 Elche, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Cristina Mele
Microorganisms 2021, 9(8), 1727; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081727
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 12 August 2021 / Published: 13 August 2021
Clostridiodes difficile can lead to a range of situations from the absence of symptoms (colonization) to severe diarrhea (infection). Disruption of gut microbiota provides an ideal environment for infection to occur. Comparison of gut microbiota of infected and colonized subjects could provide relevant information on susceptible groups or protectors to the development of infection, since the presence of certain genera could be related to the inhibition of transition from a state of colonization to infection. Through high-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA gene, we performed alpha and beta diversity and composition studies on 15 infected patients (Group CDI), 15 colonized subjects (Group P), and 15 healthy controls (Group CTLR). A loss of alpha diversity and richness and a different structure have been evidenced in the CDI and P groups with respect to the CTRL group, but without significant differences between the first two. In CDI and P groups, there was a strong decrease in phylum Firmicutes and an expansion of potential pathogens. Likewise, there was a loss of inhibitory genus of C. difficile germination in infected patients that were partially conserved in colonized subjects. Therefore, infected and colonized subjects presented a gut microbiota that was completely different from that of healthy controls, although similar to each other. It is in composition where we found that colonized subjects, especially in minority genera, presented differences with respect to those infected. View Full-Text
Keywords: Clostridiodes difficile; Clostridiodes difficile infection; Clostridiodes difficile colonization; gut microbiota; 16S ribosomal RNA; dysbiosis Clostridiodes difficile; Clostridiodes difficile infection; Clostridiodes difficile colonization; gut microbiota; 16S ribosomal RNA; dysbiosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Pellicer, P.; Navarro-López, V.; González-Tamayo, R.; Llopis-Ruiz, C.; Núñez-Delegido, E.; Ruzafa-Costas, B.; Navarro-Moratalla, L.; Agüera-Santos, J. Descriptive Study of Gut Microbiota in Infected and Colonized Subjects by Clostridiodes difficile. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1727. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081727

AMA Style

Sánchez-Pellicer P, Navarro-López V, González-Tamayo R, Llopis-Ruiz C, Núñez-Delegido E, Ruzafa-Costas B, Navarro-Moratalla L, Agüera-Santos J. Descriptive Study of Gut Microbiota in Infected and Colonized Subjects by Clostridiodes difficile. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(8):1727. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Pellicer, Pedro, Vicente Navarro-López, Ruth González-Tamayo, Coral Llopis-Ruiz, Eva Núñez-Delegido, Beatriz Ruzafa-Costas, Laura Navarro-Moratalla, and Juan Agüera-Santos. 2021. "Descriptive Study of Gut Microbiota in Infected and Colonized Subjects by Clostridiodes difficile" Microorganisms 9, no. 8: 1727. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9081727

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