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Extrinsic Factors Shaping the Skin Microbiome

Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, Technion, Haifa 3200003, Israel
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Microorganisms 2020, 8(7), 1023; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8071023
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 7 July 2020 / Accepted: 7 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Systems Microbiology)
Human skin, our most environmentally exposed organ, is colonized by a vast array of microorganisms constituting its microbiome. These bacterial communities are crucial for the fulfillment of human physiological functions such as immune system modulation and epidermal development and differentiation. The structure of the human skin microbiome is established during the early life stages, starting even before birth, and continues to be modulated throughout the entire life cycle, by multiple host-related and environmental factors. This review focuses on extrinsic factors, ranging from cosmetics to the environment and antibacterial agents, as forces that impact the human skin microbiome and well-being. Assessing the impact of these factors on the skin microbiome will help elucidate the forces that shape the microbial populations we coexist with. Furthermore, we will gain additional insight into their tendency to stimulate a healthy environment or to increase the propensity for skin disorder development. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiome; extrinsic influences; dysbiosis; skin; microbiome research; skin health microbiome; extrinsic influences; dysbiosis; skin; microbiome research; skin health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moskovicz, V.; Gross, A.; Mizrahi, B. Extrinsic Factors Shaping the Skin Microbiome. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 1023.

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