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Open AccessArticle

Macroalgae Derived Fungi Have High Abilities to Degrade Algal Polymers

1
Fungal Physiology, Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute & Fungal Molecular Physiology, Utrecht University, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Landsdiep 4, 1797 SZ ′t Horntje, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2020, 8(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010052
Received: 22 November 2019 / Revised: 13 December 2019 / Accepted: 26 December 2019 / Published: 26 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Applied Microbiology)
Marine fungi associated with macroalgae are an ecologically important group that have a strong potential for industrial applications. In this study, twenty-two marine fungi isolated from the brown seaweed Fucus sp. were examined for their abilities to produce algal and plant biomass degrading enzymes. Growth of these isolates on brown and green algal biomass revealed a good growth, but no preference for any specific algae. Based on the analysis of enzymatic activities, macroalgae derived fungi were able to produce algae specific and (hemi-)cellulose degrading enzymes both on algal and plant biomass. However, the production of algae specific activities was lower than the production of cellulases and xylanases. These data revealed the presence of different enzymatic approaches for the degradation of algal biomass by macroalgae derived fungi. In addition, the results of the present study indicate our poor understanding of the enzymes involved in algal biomass degradation and the mechanisms of algal carbon source utilization by marine derived fungi. View Full-Text
Keywords: seaweed biomass; enzymes; algal polysaccharides; marine fungi seaweed biomass; enzymes; algal polysaccharides; marine fungi
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Patyshakuliyeva, A.; Falkoski, D.L.; Wiebenga, A.; Timmermans, K.; de Vries, R.P. Macroalgae Derived Fungi Have High Abilities to Degrade Algal Polymers. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 52.

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