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Microorganisms 2018, 6(2), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms6020048

Comparing the Recombinant Protein Production Potential of Planktonic and Biofilm Cells

LEPABE—Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
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Received: 6 April 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 21 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recombinant Protein Expression in Microorganisms)
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Abstract

Recombinant protein production in bacterial cells is commonly performed using planktonic cultures. However, the natural state for many bacteria is living in communities attached to surfaces forming biofilms. In this work, a flow cell system was used to compare the production of a model recombinant protein (enhanced green fluorescent protein, eGFP) between planktonic and biofilm cells. The fluorometric analysis revealed that when the system was in steady state, the average specific eGFP production from Escherichia coli biofilm cells was 10-fold higher than in planktonic cells. Additionally, epifluorescence microscopy was used to determine the percentage of eGFP-expressing cells in both planktonic and biofilm populations. In steady state, the percentage of planktonic-expressing cells oscillated around 5%, whereas for biofilms eGFP-expressing cells represented on average 21% of the total cell population. Therefore, the combination of fluorometric and microscopy data allowed us to conclude that E. coli biofilm cells can have a higher recombinant protein production capacity when compared to their planktonic counterparts. View Full-Text
Keywords: green fluorescent protein; Escherichia coli; biofilm; planktonic; flow cell reactor green fluorescent protein; Escherichia coli; biofilm; planktonic; flow cell reactor
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Soares, A.; Gomes, L.C.; Mergulhão, F.J. Comparing the Recombinant Protein Production Potential of Planktonic and Biofilm Cells. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 48.

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