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The Mycobiome: A Neglected Component in the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis

1
Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, FHU ACRONIM, University Bordeaux,33000 Bordeaux, France
2
Service d’Exploration Fonctionnelle Respiratoire, Service de Rhumatologie, Service de Gastrologie Adulte, Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie, CRCM Pédiatrique, Gastroentérologie et Nutrition Pédiatriques, Unité d’Hépatologie, CHU Bordeaux, 33000 Bordeaux, France
3
INSERM, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, 33000 Bordeaux, France
4
Genoscreen Society, 59000 Lille, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Microorganisms 2018, 6(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms6010022
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbiome Gut Brain Axis)
In recent years, the gut microbiota has been considered as a full-fledged actor of the gut–brain axis, making it possible to take a new step in understanding the pathophysiology of both neurological and psychiatric diseases. However, most of the studies have been devoted to gut bacterial microbiota, forgetting the non-negligible fungal flora. In this review, we expose how the role of the fungal component in the microbiota-gut-brain axis is legitimate, through its interactions with both the host, especially with the immune system, and the gut bacteria. We also discuss published data that already attest to a role of the mycobiome in the microbiota-gut-brain axis, and the impact of fungi on clinical and therapeutic research. View Full-Text
Keywords: brain–gut axis; mycobiome; microbiome; dysbiosis; neurological disorders; psychiatric disorders; fungus brain–gut axis; mycobiome; microbiome; dysbiosis; neurological disorders; psychiatric disorders; fungus
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Enaud, R.; Vandenborght, L.-E.; Coron, N.; Bazin, T.; Prevel, R.; Schaeverbeke, T.; Berger, P.; Fayon, M.; Lamireau, T.; Delhaes, L. The Mycobiome: A Neglected Component in the Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 22.

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