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Article

Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Mobile Phones

1
Departamento de Atención a la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico City 04960, Mexico
2
Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico City 04960, Mexico
3
Departamento de Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico City 04960, Mexico
4
Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City 06720, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sophie Payot
Microorganisms 2022, 10(3), 669; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10030669
Received: 21 December 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2022 / Accepted: 18 March 2022 / Published: 21 March 2022
The widespread use of mobile phones (MP) among healthcare personnel might be considered as an important source of contamination. One of the most pathogenic bacteria to humans is Staphylococcus aureus, which can be transmitted through the constant use of MP. Nevertheless, which specific type of strains are transmitted and which are their sources have not been sufficiently studied. The aim of this study is to determine the source of contamination of MP and characterize the corresponding genotypic and phenotypic properties of the strains found. Nose, pharynx, and MP samples were taken from a group of health science students. We were able to determinate the clonality of the isolated strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and spa gene typing (spa-type). Adhesin and toxin genes were detected, and the capacity of biofilm formation was determined. Several of the MP exhibited strains of S. aureus present in the nose and/or pharynx of their owners. methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (HA-MRSA), and community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) strains were found, which indicated a variety of genotypes. This study concludes that MP can be contaminated with the strains of S. aureus present in the nose and/or pharynx of the owners; these strains can be of different types and there is no dominant genotype. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile phones; students; Staphylococcus aureus; pharynx; nose; genotype; biofilm formation; PFGE; CA-MRSA; HA-MRSA mobile phones; students; Staphylococcus aureus; pharynx; nose; genotype; biofilm formation; PFGE; CA-MRSA; HA-MRSA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hamdan-Partida, A.; González-García, S.; Martínez-Ruíz, F.J.; Zavala-Sánchez, M.Á.; Bustos-Hamdan, A.; Bustos-Martínez, J. Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Mobile Phones. Microorganisms 2022, 10, 669. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10030669

AMA Style

Hamdan-Partida A, González-García S, Martínez-Ruíz FJ, Zavala-Sánchez MÁ, Bustos-Hamdan A, Bustos-Martínez J. Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Mobile Phones. Microorganisms. 2022; 10(3):669. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10030669

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamdan-Partida, Aída, Samuel González-García, Francisco J. Martínez-Ruíz, Miguel Á. Zavala-Sánchez, Anaíd Bustos-Hamdan, and Jaime Bustos-Martínez. 2022. "Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Mobile Phones" Microorganisms 10, no. 3: 669. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms10030669

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