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Perspective

Biohybrid Actuators for Soft Robotics: Challenges in Scaling Up

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
4
Department of Material Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Actuators 2020, 9(4), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/act9040096
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 28 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soft Actuation: State of the Art and Outlook)
Living systems have evolved to survive in a wide range of environments and safely interact with other objects and organisms. Thus, living systems have been the source of inspiration for many researchers looking to apply their mechanics and unique characteristics in engineering robotics. Moving beyond bioinspiration, biohybrid actuators, with compliance and self-healing capabilities enabled by living cells or tissue interfaced with artificial structures, have drawn great interest as ways to address challenges in soft robotics, and in particular have seen success in small-scale robotic actuation. However, macro-scale biohybrid actuators beyond the centimeter scale currently face many practical obstacles. In this perspective, we discuss the challenges in scaling up biohybrid actuators and the path to realize large-scale biohybrid soft robotics. View Full-Text
Keywords: biohybrid actuators; soft robotics; biohybrid robots; tissue engineering biohybrid actuators; soft robotics; biohybrid robots; tissue engineering
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MDPI and ACS Style

Won, P.; Ko, S.H.; Majidi, C.; W. Feinberg, A.; A. Webster-Wood, V. Biohybrid Actuators for Soft Robotics: Challenges in Scaling Up. Actuators 2020, 9, 96. https://doi.org/10.3390/act9040096

AMA Style

Won P, Ko SH, Majidi C, W. Feinberg A, A. Webster-Wood V. Biohybrid Actuators for Soft Robotics: Challenges in Scaling Up. Actuators. 2020; 9(4):96. https://doi.org/10.3390/act9040096

Chicago/Turabian Style

Won, Phillip, Seung H. Ko, Carmel Majidi, Adam W. Feinberg, and Victoria A. Webster-Wood. 2020. "Biohybrid Actuators for Soft Robotics: Challenges in Scaling Up" Actuators 9, no. 4: 96. https://doi.org/10.3390/act9040096

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