Prion Strains and Transmission Barrier Phenomena
AbstractSeveral experimental evidences show that prions are non-conventional pathogens, which physical support consists only in proteins. This finding raised questions regarding the observed prion strain-to-strain variations and the species barrier that happened to be crossed with dramatic consequences on human health and veterinary policies during the last 3 decades. This review presents a focus on a few advances in the field of prion structure and prion strains characterization: from the historical approaches that allowed the concept of prion strains to emerge, to the last results demonstrating that a prion strain may in fact be a combination of a few quasi species with subtle biophysical specificities. Then, we will focus on the current knowledge on the factors that impact species barrier strength and species barrier crossing. Finally, we present probable scenarios on how the interaction of strain properties with host characteristics may account for differential selection of new conformer variants and eventually species barrier crossing. View Full-Text
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Share & Cite This Article
Igel-Egalon, A.; Béringue, V.; Rezaei, H.; Sibille, P. Prion Strains and Transmission Barrier Phenomena. Pathogens 2018, 7, 5.
Igel-Egalon A, Béringue V, Rezaei H, Sibille P. Prion Strains and Transmission Barrier Phenomena. Pathogens. 2018; 7(1):5.Chicago/Turabian Style
Igel-Egalon, Angélique; Béringue, Vincent; Rezaei, Human; Sibille, Pierre. 2018. "Prion Strains and Transmission Barrier Phenomena." Pathogens 7, no. 1: 5.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.