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Article

Detection of Babesia odocoilei in Ixodes scapularis Ticks Collected in Southern Ontario, Canada

1
Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
2
Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ellen Knuepfer
Pathogens 2021, 10(3), 327; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030327
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 2 March 2021 / Accepted: 4 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
Tick-borne zoonotic diseases have an economic and societal impact on the well-being of people worldwide. In the present study, a high frequency of Babesia odocoilei, a red blood cell parasite, was observed in the Huronia area of Ontario, Canada. Notably, 71% (15/21) blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis, collected from canine and feline hosts were infected with B. odocoilei. Consistent with U.S. studies, 12.5% (4/32) of questing I. scapularis adults collected by flagging in various parts of southwestern Ontario were positive for B. odocoilei. Our data show that all B. odocoilei strains in the present study have consistent genetic identity, and match type strains in the GenBank database. The high incidence of B. odocoilei in the Huronia area indicates that this babesial infection is established, and is cycling enzootically in the natural environment. Our data confirm that B. odocoilei has wide distribution in southern Ontario. View Full-Text
Keywords: Babesia odocoilei; piroplasm; babesiosis; ticks; Ixodes scapularis; parasitism; domestic cats; domestic dogs; Canada Babesia odocoilei; piroplasm; babesiosis; ticks; Ixodes scapularis; parasitism; domestic cats; domestic dogs; Canada
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MDPI and ACS Style

Scott, J.D.; Pascoe, E.L.; Sajid, M.S.; Foley, J.E. Detection of Babesia odocoilei in Ixodes scapularis Ticks Collected in Southern Ontario, Canada. Pathogens 2021, 10, 327. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030327

AMA Style

Scott JD, Pascoe EL, Sajid MS, Foley JE. Detection of Babesia odocoilei in Ixodes scapularis Ticks Collected in Southern Ontario, Canada. Pathogens. 2021; 10(3):327. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030327

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scott, John D., Emily L. Pascoe, Muhammad S. Sajid, and Janet E. Foley. 2021. "Detection of Babesia odocoilei in Ixodes scapularis Ticks Collected in Southern Ontario, Canada" Pathogens 10, no. 3: 327. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030327

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