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Open AccessReview

Challenges in Tick-Borne Pathogen Detection: The Case for Babesia spp. Identification in the Tick Vector

Babesia Unit-CENID-Salud Animal e Inocuidad, INIFAP, Carr. Fed. Cuernavaca-Cuautla No. 8534, Col. Progreso, Jiutepec, Morelos C.P. 62550, Mexico
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Academic Editor: Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz
Pathogens 2021, 10(2), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020092
Received: 28 December 2020 / Revised: 10 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Tick Research)
The causative agents of Babesiosis are intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Babesia. Babesia parasites are present around the world, affecting several mammals including humans, pets and livestock, hence its medical and veterinary relevance. Babesia spp. detection in its invertebrate host is a main point in understanding the biology of the parasite to acquire more knowledge on the host–Babesia–vector interactions, as increasing knowledge of the Babesia lifecycle and babesiosis epidemiology can help prevent babesiosis outbreaks in susceptible mammals. The aim of the present review is to highlight the newest findings in this field, based on a bibliographic compilation of research studies recently carried out for the detection of the main Babesia species found in tick vectors affecting mammalian hosts, including the different tick stages such as adult ticks, larvae, nymphs and eggs, as well as the detection method implemented: microscopic tools for parasite identification and molecular tools for parasite DNA detection by conventional PCR, nested-PCR, PCR-RFLP, PCR-RLB hybridization, real time-PCR, LAMP and RAP assays. Although molecular identification of Babesia parasites has been achieved in several tick species and tissue samples, it is still necessary to carry out transmission experiments through biological models to confirm the vectorial capacity of various tick species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Babesia spp.; ticks; detection; babesiosis Babesia spp.; ticks; detection; babesiosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-García, G.; Santamaría-Espinosa, R.M.; Lira-Amaya, J.J.; Figueroa, J.V. Challenges in Tick-Borne Pathogen Detection: The Case for Babesia spp. Identification in the Tick Vector. Pathogens 2021, 10, 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020092

AMA Style

Martínez-García G, Santamaría-Espinosa RM, Lira-Amaya JJ, Figueroa JV. Challenges in Tick-Borne Pathogen Detection: The Case for Babesia spp. Identification in the Tick Vector. Pathogens. 2021; 10(2):92. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020092

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-García, Grecia; Santamaría-Espinosa, R. M.; Lira-Amaya, José J.; Figueroa, Julio V. 2021. "Challenges in Tick-Borne Pathogen Detection: The Case for Babesia spp. Identification in the Tick Vector" Pathogens 10, no. 2: 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020092

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