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Contested Spaces: The Heterotopias of the Victorian Sickroom

Department of English, Misericordia University, 301 Lake Street, Dallas, PA 18612, USA
Humanities 2019, 8(2), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/h8020080
Received: 17 March 2019 / Revised: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Narratives of Ill Health)
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Abstract

Both the invalid and the sickroom pervade the writings of the Victorian period, particularly in fiction, medical guidebooks, and autobiographies. The sickroom is a space that separates the invalid from the healthy space of the house and defines the invalid body as other. However, as a space that is both marginalized and central, the sickroom is molded by the medical and social views of sickness and the individualized experience of illness. This article contextualizes the Victorian sickroom by conceptualizing it through the lens of Foucault’s heterotopia of deviation, which represents the medicalized act of dividing practices to physically separate those deemed sick from healthy people and spaces. The sickroom functions as a heterotopia in three ways: physical space created by medical authority; textual space contested through invalid narratives; and bodily space, whereby the sickroom is mapped onto the invalid’s body. Thus, the sickroom as heterotopia reveals the contentiousness of invalidism and the limitations of medical authority and power. View Full-Text
Keywords: Victorian; invalidism; sickroom; heterotopia; illness; medical Victorian; invalidism; sickroom; heterotopia; illness; medical
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Caleb, A. Contested Spaces: The Heterotopias of the Victorian Sickroom. Humanities 2019, 8, 80.

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